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The Honorable Lady Adriana Ramstar, known mundanely as Cecilia Sugar, died on September 30th, 2016 after a short battle with cancer. She was 66.
Though inactive in recent years, Adriana served as Seneschale of the Barony-Marche of the Debatable Lands and also as Seneschale of the Western Region of the East Kingdom in the 1980s, before the founding of the Principality of Æthelmearc.
Adriana was primarily famed as a cook and autocrat, having helped create and organize the long-running Viking Winterfinding event that was held each fall in the Debatable Lands from the 1980s well into the 1990s. Many members of the Society once called her their SCA “Mom” for the assistance and encouragement she provided to them.
Master Morien MacBain recalls Her Ladyship this way:
Adriana Ramstar was a woman who beggared metaphor. When she sailed into my life in the summer of ’88, I was swept into her circle of tarnished young things. In her tiny, crammed walk-up flat she poured out the wine of life for us, and under her aegis we weathered battered relationships, broken hearts, hangovers, and shattered myths-of-self. She showed us the kind beating heart of the Society, and fed us on books, stories of better days, and ramen. She saw things in us that we couldn’t or wouldn’t see for ourselves. Eventually we began to shine, and many of us still carry the glints of that magic of her personality. Wherever shall we find her like again? God rest her sweet soul.
Mistress Amaryllis Coleman recalls her cooking, especially at Pennsic:
Adriana Ramstar and her cadre had the biggest of hearts and were the hardest of workers.
Pennsic storms were terrifying, especially in its earlier years. Yet when the call was made for assistance, Adriana stepped up immediately. At an early Pennsic (XIII?), she agreed to cook for an archery dinner. In spite of the storm, Adriana provided the feast she promised. At one point, she was cooking it in her camp, with a tall friend standing over her and her stove using a cape to shield her a bit while she cooked. Thus, the lucky archers got a hot and delicious meal. There was an impromptu Royal court in the barn, and a local person, Gwilym, had just been given a welcome award by King Morghun, and there was much rejoicing and vivating. At that point, a golf cart drove into the barn and [the driver] demanded to speak to the “person in charge.” Adriana, as “autocrat” stepped forward. The men in the cart both reproached and berated her, saying it was reprehensible that anyone should be enjoying themselves when there was so much real trouble going on. Adriana, while taken aback, recognized the extreme stress the Pennsic deputy was under, and instead of taking umbrage, immediately went back to camp to start cooking again, so that anyone who still needed hot food could be comforted.
She and her cadre were available to anyone in need, no matter when, who, or how big. They were known to go to events where the groups, being young or new, would be overwhelmed and ready to quit. So instead of being able to lie back and enjoy an event like most of usually get to do, she would come forward and offer their services, then proceed to arrange the kitchen, procure food, cook it, find needed personnel to run activities such as fighting, quests, etc., and people would have a great time and the groups would make money instead of lose it. They even came up with a name for themselves; “Instant Event Flakes.”
Lady Bronwyn Jourdemaine remembers another charitable event:
In 1983, [Adriana helped] put together a toy drive for the children of out-of-work steelworkers. The mills where closing then, and times were hard here.
Sir Alonzio of the Peacemakers commented:
[When] I was very young she allowed me to participate in events. At a time when there were no other children around, she welcomed me to help with setup, teardown, [and] general event things. I was able to work in her kitchens and was actively welcomed. This made a difference to me being willing to play more in the SCA.
Meesteress Odriana vander Brugghe recalls:
The thing that I remember most about Adriana Ramstar was her gracious and expansive sense of family and community. She welcomed each of us with the same unconditional love and warm caring, which was utterly foreign to me at the time. She showed me, as she showed so many, the best parts of the SCA and allowed us to find our own space within it. Her work ethic, her kindness, and her generosity became things that I so very much wished to emulate. I probably spent the better part of a year hanging out at her apartment playing RPGs and learning how to make medieval clothing. Drinking endless pots of coffee and just talking, sometimes for days on end. For me, those years contain some of my happiest memories and those people – those amazing, funny, broken, creative people that she surrounded herself with – made me feel welcome and accepted in a way that I never felt possible. When I, many years later, was looking for a new SCA name, when I found “Odriana” it reconnected me with all of those things that she taught all of us and chose it to remind myself to always be accepting of others, to work hard, to give to others before myself, to always be caring, and, above all, to remember what an enormous difference one person can make in someone’s life.
Master Donnan MacDubhsidhe says of THLady Adriana:
Boss, Sarge, Ma Vader, all these names and more, but to me and so many others she was someone we called friend. She was a mentor, a person we could depend on, and a shoulder to lean on when we needed it. For me, she was the one who, when I showed up to a local event and found that the autocrat and staff hadn’t done their job, Adriana took over and made a feast from scratch. The event has been called “The event I showed up to, and found out I was the autocrat.” She came to the event to enjoy herself, but instead comfortably gave her time and energy to save the event. She was like that. The other memory I have of her is best illustrated by one of the pictures, the one in roman garb (shown above right). Adriana indeed played Roman. Of course that was the time when I and so many young SCAdians were playing “Generic Early Period Celt.” For those of us who were also fortunate enough to have Adriana as a friend, that meant we had our own personal Roman. Good-natured jokes and songs could be directed at Rome while Adriana gamely feigned outrage and played our dignified Roman adversary. The game was fun, and more importantly made us feel we had a place in the SCA. Of course it also meant that if she needed someone to help with an event in any capacity, these unruly Celts were the people she would ask. There may not be many of those badly dressed Celts left – many have left the SCA – but so many others are the leaders and Peers of today, including myself. She gave me a home in the SCA, and I wouldn’t be here today if not for Adriana.
Meesteress Odriana, who is currently seneschal of the Debatable Lands, says “At Agincourt we will be remembering Adriana during dinner. A place will be set for her and we will have a toast to her, where those who remember her will have an opportunity to say a few words about her as they are so moved.”
THLady Adriana’s SCA awards included the East Kingdom’s Silver Crescent for service and Burdened Tyger for autocratting a specific event, Æthelmearc’s Keystone for service, and Debatable Lands Comets for service and arts.
A GoFundMe page has been set up to help her family defray the cost of THLady Adriana’s final medical and hospice care as well as funeral expenses.
Reporting herald: Lord Kazimierz.
The children who participated in the footrace were thanked for participating.
The winner of the ladies’ foot race, Lady Matilda and the second runner up, The Honorable Lady Lorita DeSiena, were called into court. Lady Matilda was informed that it was her responsibility to host the next foot race in a year’s time.
Lady Aaradyn Ghyoot and Lord Guiemer d’Anglade were inducted into The Order of the Moon.
Her Excellency Countess Svava Thorgeirsdottir was inducted into The Order of the Day Star.
Lord Scrooby was inducted into The Order of Perseus.
Master Karl Meerstappa was thanked him for running the Heavy List tournament.
The new Heavy List Champion, Master Avaldr Valbarnarson, was announced and called into court.
The current Fencing Champion, Don Lupold Jass, was thanked for running the Fencing tournament and congratulated on recently becoming an OGRE.
The new Fencing Champion, Lady Millicent Rowan, was announced and called into court.
The current A&S Champion, The Honorable Lady Lady Raziya Bint Rusa, was thanked her for running the A&S tournament. The new Champions, The Honorable Lady Eadaoin Chruitire for Arts and Morwenna O Hurlihie, for Science were announced.
The Equestrian, Thrown Weapons, and Archery participants were thanked for being involved with the event.
The Dance Mistress Countess Mara, the quire, the musicians, and the dancers were thanked for being involved with the event.
Representatives of the Quintavia Shire, Pomestnik Andreiko Eferiev and Lady Rosina Von Schaffhousen, were thanked them for coming and Their Excellencies offered Carolingia’s protection to their Shire from their neighbors.
Autocrat Don Thomas of Effingham invited event staff to stand and thanked them for their hard work. He talked about the success of the day and encouraged everyone to help with cleanup.
Anyone who this was either their first, second, or third event ever were thanked them for their participation in the SCA.
The Herald announced the success of selling items from Gold Key and that the money would be donated to the Royal Travel Fund.
Filed under: Court, Events, Local Groups
Documented from the Scrolls of the Reign of Marcus & Margerite, King and Queen of Æthelmearc: the Business of Their Court at Crown Tournament, 1 October, Anno Societatis LI, in the Barony of the Rhydderich Hael. As recorded by Maestro Orlando di Bene del Vinta, Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald, with assistance from Kameshima-kyō Zentarou Umakai, Silver Buccle Herald.
In the afternoon:
At the conclusion of Their Crown Tournament Their Majesties stood upon the field with the victor Duke Timothy of Arindale and his consort, Duchess Gabrielle van Nijenrode and crowned them as Prince and Princess and name them Their Heirs.
Then in the evening, accompanied by Their Heirs, Prince Timothy and Princess Gabrielle, Their Majesties joined the populace for a moment of silence in honor of Lady Adriana Ramstar who died earlier that day at her home.
Their Majesties then gave leave to Their Excellencies of the Rhydderich Hael to hold Their baronial court.
The Tribe of Tuatha Fieren was invited before Their Majesties whereupon they offered tithe and a gift basket full of Æthelmice, then and pledged their service to the Crown and Heirs. They also shared with the populace that this would be their last time conducting the raffle at War Practice but would continue service in other ways to the kingdom. Their Majesties expressed Their appreciation to The Tribe for their longstanding service to the Kingdom.
Next, the youthful Wentliana Verch Meuric was summoned before the Sylvan Throne. Their Majesties told of her help in the kitchens and with retaining, and then inducted her in to the Order of the Silver Buccle. Scroll by The Honorable Lady Mairghread Stiobhard inghean ui Choinne.
The children of AEthelmearc were then called into Court where Their Majesties sent them with His Lordship, Darian of the Wood, to be entertained with trinkets and toys for the remainder of the day’s court.
Lord Wolfgang Starke next approached Their Majesties whereupon he was presented with a new charter for the AEthelmearc Brewers Guild. Scroll by THLady Zofia Kowalewska.
Their Majesties then called to be attended by the Ladies of the Rose and Garnet. The Ladies spoke of the deeds of valor and chivalry done this day upon the lists of Their Majesties crown tourney. They mentioned specifically the deeds of THLord Rouland of Willowbrooke and of THLord Dominic Morland, but above all they sang the praises of THLord Ruslan Igotavich Vornov and bestowed upon him the Shield of Chivalry. Have been regaled thus, Their Majesties invited His Lordship Ruslan to join Their Court.
Baroness Rosemund von Glinde was invited to present herself to Their Majesties. They spoke of her artistry as an illuminator and so commended her efforts by inducting her into the Order of the Sycamore. Scroll by Freihern Helena Mutzhasen.
Next, Lady Zinoviia Ivanova was called before the Throne. Their Majesties spoke her skill at arms and axes, and then inducted her into the Order of the Golden Alce. Scroll Master Caleb Reynolds.
Having further need of the Bearer of the Shield of Chivalry, Their Majesties sought to be attended again by THLord Ruslan Igotavich Voronov. They spoke of his authenticity in his appearance and his efforts in recreation, and so did induct him into the Order of the Golden Stirrup. Scroll, in the form of a large stone, by Hersir Torvaldr Torvgarson.
Having business of her own to conduct, Mistress Sthurrim Caithness sought audience before The Crown. She was accompanied by Baroness Juliana Rosalia Dolce da Siena, and before Their Majesties and the populace gathered did present to Baroness Juliana a belt of green and take her as an apprentice. Their Majesties, being well-pleased with the artistry of illumination of Baroness Juliana called for Their Order of the Fleur d’AEthelmearc and, confirming with the group their desire to have Baroness Juliana counted among their numbers, did make it so. Calligraphy and illumination by THLady Zofia Kowalewska with words by Baroness Ekaterina Volkova.
THLady Cordelia Colton was next invited to present herself. The Crown spoke of the care and nurturing of the youth of the kingdom, and for her dedication and labors did name her a Baroness of the Court. Scroll by Mistress Gillian Llwelyn of Ravenspur.
Her Majesty then addressed the populace and spoke of the many inspirational deeds done this day. Yet the deeds of one noble stood above the others in Her mind and so THLord Rouland of Willowbrooke was called before Her Majesty and was named as Her Inspiration and presented with a Golden Escarbuncle.
Their Majesties then thanked all those scribes who contributed works this day and for Their Coronation; for their toil and work, and provided them each with a personal token.
There being no further business, this court of Their Majesties was closed.
Maestro Orlando di Bene del Vinta
On the first of October, Anno Societatis 51, in the Barony of Bergental, there was a Coronation. By the hands of King Kenric III and Queen Avelina III, Duchess Anna Ophelia Halloway Tarragon was crowned Queen Anna III. There was a brief pause in the Coronation ceremony as Brion sang “My Queen” to Queen Anna, bringing her – and several among the attending staff and audience – to joyful tears. Queen Anna then crowned Duke Brion Anthony Uriel Tarragon as King Brion III. They took the fealty of Their Great Officers of State, and of House Runnymede, and of Their Champions, and the people of the East and swore fealty to all of them in return. Rightfully crowned, they then called for Duke Kenric aet Essex, Duchess Avelina Keyes, and Lady Aethelthryth Kenricing and gave them gifts in return for the time they served the Kingdom. They then installed the Queen’s Guard and the Lords and Ladies in Waiting to their stations, before retiring to sit in State. Some little while later, the first Court of Their Majesties Brion III and Anna III was opened.
Duchess Rowan de la Garnison, Ambassador from Their Majesties Marcus and Marguerite of the Kingdom of AEthelmearc, was called before the Crown. She presented the words of Their Sylvan Majesties, words of friendship and unity, and gifts of the produce of their lands, cloth of their colours, and jewels. Duchess Rowan was warmly thanked for the gifts and instructed to bring Their Oriental Majesties’ own words of friendship back with her.
Their Majesties then called for the children of the East. King Brion spoke to the children, saying that if they wanted a toy from the chest, they must pursue scholarly deeds. He called for his Champion of Horse, Baroness Lillian Stanhope, and sent the children to follow her and learn something of horsemanship before each could take a toy.
Queen Anna then called for Duchess Aikaterine FitzWilliam who, though not present, was thanked for the splendid Coronation garb she created for the Crown.
Their Majesties called for Jehannette Bouchart. They spoke of her work as a tourney herald, as kitchen staff, and as a retainer for the Crown. Wishing to reward such works, They Awarded her Arms and made her a Lady of the Court. To commemorate this, Lady Jehannette was given a scroll created by Duchess Thora Eiriksdottir.
Drake MacGregor was brought before the thrones and Their Majesties praised him as a workhorse, quietly getting things done and striving to better himself. In recognition of his accomplishments, They Awarded him Arms, making him a Lord of the Court. A scroll by Baroness Mari Clock van Hoorne was presented to Lord Drake so that he would remember the day.
The Crown then asked for Lord Pádraig Ó Riain, who came forward. They spoke of the many years he had been involved in the Society, his time as Seneschal, his running of events and his work setting up and breaking down events for others. Wishing to recognise his many works, Pádraig was made a Companion of the Order of the Silver Wheel and given a scroll crafted by Heather Rose de Gordoun.
Celia le Taverner was summoned and Their Majesties spoke of her time attending previous Royals and her time spent braiding hair for others, and how she made others feel good about themselves. The King and Queen wished to reward such works and Awarded her Arms and gave the new Lady Celia a scroll with calligraphy and illumination by Lady Aesa Lokabrenna Sturludottir and words by Lord Arthur le Taverner.
King Brion then announced the winners of the tourney held that day. Duke Brennan mac Fearghus was called forward as the winner. He was presented a glass in recognition of his feat. His Majesty then called for Lord Corwin Blackthorn and praised his comportment in the lists and gave him a glass that he might remember his accomplishment.
The business of the day finished, King Brion and Queen Anna thanked the people of Bergental and the people of the East for supporting Them and attending Their Coronation. On that note, Court was closed and Their Majesties processed out.
Master Rowen Cloteworthy
Filed under: Court Tagged: coronation, court report
Documented from the Rolls and Files of the Coram Regibus of Thomas Byron et Ariella, Rex et Regina Æthelmearc: Being a True Record of the Business of Their Majesties’ Final Court at the 23rd Annual Harvest Raid, and Coronation of Their Heirs, Marcus and Margerite, 23-24 September Anno Societatis LI, in the Shire of Heronter. As recorded by Gwendolyn the Graceful, Brehyres, Premier Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald, with Kameshima-kyō Zentarō Umakai, Silver Buccle Principal Herald, and Maestro Orlando di Bene del Vinta.
In the evening on the 23rd, Their Majesties and Her Highness Princess Margerite announced that Ronan O’Connall had, on the preceding Sunday, been accorded the rank of Master Bowman and presented with a scroll by Katherine Täntzel to commemorate the occasion.
Their Majesties also invited Sir Ian Kennoven before Them, and then convened those members of the Most Noble Order of the Laurel present.They then commended him unto the Order’s care to continue to advise him as he considered induction into their number.
In addition, Her Highness Margerite passed on the mantle of Kingdom Chancellor of Youth to Her successor, The Honorable Lady Cordelia Colton. Their Majesties thanked Her Highness for Her service even as she took up the burden of royalty, and further expressed confidence that Her Ladyship Cordelia will fill the role admirably. Court was then suspended.
Upon the morning of the 24th, Their Majesties bid all draw nigh to bear witness to Their Coram Regibus Ultima.
Their Majesties brought before them Duke Christopher Rawlyns, Sir Maghnus de Cnoc an Iora, Baron Tofi Kerthjalfaddson, and Brehyres Gwendolyn the Graceful. The Crown then proclaimed that these gentles, and The Honorable Lady Rosalia Iuliana Andere, were charter members of the Royal Livery Company of Engineers, the Royal Academy of Engineers, and the Royal Corps of Engineers, the Terms of the Charter agreed upon and signed by Their Majesties and the Charter Members.
Next, Their Majesties called for Rhys Penbras ap Dafydd, who was not present. Nevertheless, Their Majesties deemed his dedication and skill worthy of recognition with an Award of Arms. Scroll by Baron Caleb Reynolds.
Their Majesties sought Theodoric of York, and commended him on his archery and fletching. To accord his skills with fitting recognition, They Awarded him Arms. Scroll by The Honorable Lady Eleanore Godwin.
Next did Their Majesties summon Alexander Logan of Argyll. Her Majesty told with relish the tale of Logan’s chivalry at Pennsic, when Princess Leah was sore in need of a token to give to a champion. In addition to this timely assistance, Their Majesties noted his service to his household and as a retainer, and therefore deemed it proper to Award him Arms. Scroll unsigned.
Their Majesties then desired the attendance of Láegaire Mac Conaill Meic Shiadahail. Citing his contributions to the Gazette and his dedication to fighting, Their Majesties were minded to Award him Arms. Scroll by Lady Felice de Thornton.
Then Their Majesties sought Alexia Cavalier. Mindful of her skills with sword and needle, her training as a marshal, and her construction of fencing armor, They Awarded her Arms. Scroll by Lady Felice de Thornton.
The Honorable Lord Guillaume le Noir was next summoned to attend Their Majesties. They spoke with admiration of his unfailing courtesy, his selflessness, and his consistent kindness: hallmarks of the Order of the Cornelian, into which Order They were moved to induct him. Scroll by The Honorable Lady Máirghréad Stíobhard inghean uí Choinne.
Their Majesties then called for Jing Hao, who being not present, was Awarded Arms in absentia for skill in fencing. Scroll by Zhang Ming Li.
Next, Their Majesties expressed to Their Excellencies, Brandubh and Hildarun of the Debatable Lands, Their need to borrow Lady Rivka bat Daniyal in order to speak with her. Once she had been (temporarily) relinquished, Their Majesties noted that there is rarely a time when she is not seen contributing–if not retaining, then singing, acting in Commedia, embroidering, and much more. Service of such dedication merits praise, and thus did They induct her into Their Order of the Keystone, whereupon Baron Brandubh presented her with an ancestral medallion of her lineage. Scroll by Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope upon wording by Lord Robert pour Maintenant.
Their Majesties summoned Lady Elzbieta Traidenyte before Them. Noting with pleasure her efforts to provide tasty, well-researched, and non-alcoholic drinks, They named her a Companion of the Order of the Sycamore. Scroll by The Honorable Lord Ælric Ravenshaw.
Their Majesties next called for Master Juan Miguel Cezar and the other members of the Order of the Scarlet Guard in attendance. At the Crown’s urging, Master Juan Miguel announced that earlier that morning, Their Majesties had signed the Scarlet Guard Accord, which will extend an equivalency among archers in Orders of High Merit in other kingdoms. The details of the Accord will be published elsewhere.
Seeing the archers of the Scarlet Guard arrayed before Them, Their Majesties noted the absence of one whom They would see join the Order. They thus called Baroness Mariana Maria Pietrosanti to come forward, and inducted her into their number. Scroll by Baron Caleb Reynolds.
Next, Their Majesties desired to see The Honorable Lord Rhiannon Elandris of Glyndyfyrdwy. Their Majesties recounted the years that this gentle has supported Barony, Canton, Principality, and Kingdom, and the number of arenas where he has enhanced the Dream and broadened our activities. Mindful of these long and tireless contributions, They deemed it meet and proper to name Rhiannon a Baron of Their Court. Scroll by Baron Caleb Reynolds.
Their Majesties, aware that Lady Marguerite de Neufchasteau had met with unexpected calamity, invited Baroness Sadira of Thescorre to take Their words to her. They then spoke of Lady Marguerite’s cooking and rewarded her skill by naming her a Companion of the Sycamore. Scroll by Mistress Gillian Llewellyn of Ravenspur.
Following this, Their Majesties desired to be attended by Their Officers of State. Knowing that Their time was growing short, Their Majesties thanked these diligent stewards of the realm, for making Their reign all They wished it would be.
Upon the officers’ withdrawal, His Majesty was seized by a feeling of weakness, and concluded that perhaps, as His beard had greyed and He had grown old in His time on the throne, it would be appropriate to pass the title off to his eldest male heir. Thus was Joshua Ætheling brought before his Royal father, and offered the Crown as his inheritance. Much to His Majesty’s dismay, the Prince Royale declared that he would rather just sing! His Majesty immediately dismissed Joshua back to the Debatable Lands, and called him Ætheling no more.
His Majesty then expressed desire to bequeath the realm to his next son, Ian Ætheling, but Her Majesty reminded Our Monarch that the second Prince Royale was on crusade in the Midrealm. Hearing this noble pursuit, His Majesty also dismissed his second son, and revoked his title of Ætheling.
Faced with a lack of male heirs, His Majesty began to seek an alternative, when Princess Leah presented herself before the throne, declaring that His Majesty’s patriarchal primogeniture was unjust and more importantly, far behind the times. Chastened, His Majesty offered the Princess the throne. “I just want to ride my horse, shooting arrows into the sunset, with my hair flying in the wind!” she replied.
At a loss for how to ensure the security of the Kingdom, His Majesty called for His Seneschal, Duke Christopher Rawlyns, who reminded him of a tournament held not long ago, and that the winner of that tournament, Prince Marcus, was the lawful Heir to the Sylvan Throne. Prince Marcus also came forward to assert his claim and fill the void
Hearing these words, Their Majesties were gladdened to know that They would not leave the kingdom unattended. His Majesty asked the Prince for a little time in which to conclude Their business, and the Prince granting this request, withdrew.
Their Majesties called forward Sir Thorgrim Skullsplitter and Mistress Katla úlfheðinn, heads of the Household of Stormhaven. They were not in attendance but Lady Raven Whitehart stood for them. Throughout the reign, House Stormhaven was a consistent support to the Crown, and therefore, Their Majesties wished to bestow unto the Household a Sigil of Æthelmearc.
Their Majesties also bestowed Sigils unto the following gentles: THL Ishiyama Gen’tarou Yori’ie, THL Hara Kikumatsu, THL Elsa Taliard, Countess Alexandra of Clan Donald, Sir Magariki Katsuichi no Koredono, Baroness Oddkatla Jonsdottir, Baroness Betha Symonds, Mistress Baga Aleea, Mistress Irene von Schmetterling, THL Ottilige Rappoltsweiler, Master Donnan MacDubhsidhe, Countess Elena D’Artois, Dux Magnus Tindal, Mistress Chrestienne de Waterdene, Countess Genevieve du vent Argent, THL Elss of Augsburg, Brehyres Gwendolyn the Graceful, Master Alaric MacConnal, Meisterin Fredeburg von Katzenellenbogen, Mistress Filipia Capriotti, Master Ambros Kyrielle, THL Guillaume le Noir, THL Ælric Ravenshaw, Herrin Gesa von Wellenstein, Mistress Sthurrim Caithnes, Mistress Mahin bint Tabrizi, Hlaefdige Cynewyn Æthelweardeddohter, Meisterin Felicitas Flußmüllnerin, Mistress Elisabeth Johanna von Flossenburg, THL Madeleine de L’Este, Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope, Master Juan Miguel Cezar, THL Alime bint Yorgi, Herrin Dominique Von Weißenthurn, Señora Elena de la Palma, Dame Elsbeth Anne Roth, Lord Hrolfr Fjarfell, and Mistress Antoinette de la Croix.
Then Their Majesties brought forward Meisterin Fredeburg, Captain of Her Majesty’s Guard, and those others who stood as guard during the reign. Her Majesty thanked them for their service and for attending any and all who came within the Royal Presence, their protection and their willingness to keep Her safe, and then She released them from Her service.
Their Majesties called once more for the attendance of Master Alaric MacConnal and The Honorable Lady Elss of Augsburg, Head Retainers, and all those others who served as retainers to the Royal Court throughout the reign. With gratitude for their selfless service, Their Majesties released them all, and asked them to withdraw.
Finally, Their Majesties bid Brehyres Gwendolyn the Graceful quit her place behind the thrones and come before Them. Kameshima-kyō Silver Buccle released her from her duties as Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald, and Their Majesties thanked her for fulfilling the position, serving the Crown, and setting an example for others to follow.
Their Majesties then called for Prince Marcus and Princess Margerite. Heirs to the Sylvan Thrones.
Their Highnesses swore to use Their royal power to love all that was true and fair, to be true to Their people, and to protect the Realm. As Their last acts as King and Queen, Thomas Byron and Ariella crowned Marcus and Margerite the 39th monarchs of the Kingdom of Æthelmearc.
Thus ends the Rolls and Files of the Coram Regibus of Thomas Byron et Ariella, Rex et Regina Æthelmearc.
In Honor and Service,
The lineage of the Kingdom of Æthelmearc was read.
Kameshima-kyō Silver Buccle did call Maestro Orlando di Bene del Vinta before him and, upon receiving his oath, did name him Jewel of Æthelmearc Herald. Orlando Jewel of Æthelmearc then swore his service and fealty to Their Majesties.
Their Majesties invited before Them Mester Meszaros Janos and Baroness Rowena Moore and named them Their Majordomo and Head Retainer.
Their Majesties invited before Them Count Sir Robin Wallace and Countess Ysabeau de l’Isle and named them Chivalry Advisor to the Queen’s Guard and Mistress of the Wardrobe.
Their Majesties did call for Don Jacob of Dunmore, and for his service to the Crown, they did name him a Baron of the Court. Scroll by Duchess Dorinda Courtenay. Thus recognized, Her Majesty named Baron Jacob as the Captain of Her Guard. The Captain then assembled Her Majesty’s Guard.
The Great Officers of State were invited, and swore to execute the duties of their several offices to the best of their ability.
The Barons and Baronesses of the Debatable Lands, Thescorre, Rhydderich Hael, Delftwood, Blackstone Mountain and St. Swithin’s Bog each presented themselves before Their Majesties and did swear to keep the several lands appointed to them in the name of the Kingdom.
The Royal Peers and the Companions of the Orders of Chivalry, the Laurel, the Pelican and Defense each did come forth and give their allegiances to the Crown and Kingdom.
Their Majesties did request an audience with Baron Sir Thomas Byron of Haverford and Baroness Sir Ariella of Thornbury. For their service as monarchs, Their Excellencies were granted the titles of Earl and Countess and the station of Royal Peers. Scroll in progress by Master Morien ap Rhys with wording by Baroness Ekaterina Volkova.
Furthermore, Her Excellency was created a Companion of the Order of the Rose. Scroll by THL Ismay Ponde.
The Order of the White Scarf was summoned before Her Majesty, and as is custom, presented Her with the badge of their Order and pledged their service to Her as their inspiration.
In the evening…
Their Majesties addressed the assembled populace and expressed Their gratitude for those in attendance and the many labors by hands who served to make this event possible.
Their Majesties then expelled Dan Heyman, known in the Society as Dan of the Debatable Lands; Derek Holton, known in the Society as Bluestar, and James Henry Shaffer IV, known in the Society as Cadan Buri, from participation in any SCA activity.
Their Majesties then called forth all children present and, thanks to the efforts of Sir Óláfr Þorvarðarson and the generosity of the Kingdom of Æthelmearc, provided the children with trinkets and treasures for their entertainment during court.
Master Fridrikr Tomasson was next invited into court whereupon he shared with the populace news of the upcoming Arts and Sciences championship. He encouraged the populace to consider entering the competition or serving as a judge. He shared that one could register for either activity online. He also announced that, for the first time, there would be a youth champion selected.
Duke Timothy of Arindale next was summoned to Court where he told of the prowess and valor displayed upon the field today as combatants vied for the honor to serve as the Heavy Weapons Champion. In the end, Duke Malcolm MacEoghainn was victorious and, being called forward and receiving his oath, was invited by Their Majesties to join Their court.
Maestro Antonio de Luna was then called forward to tell of the thrown weapons events of the day. He announced that a Dr. Seuss tourney was held and that Lord Valentin Lyme was the winningest winner of the day.
Next, Duke Mathew Blackleaf was invited to share news of the day’s Æthelmearc 500 tourney. His Grace shared that the day’s fighting was intense and the final results were close, but Duke Maynard von dem Steine emerged victorious.
Their Majesties, having learned of an ambassador from Their cousins from the Kingdom of Lochac did call for Countess Beatrice Maria Malateste to approach the Sylvan Throne. Her Excellency spoke of the well-wishes of her King and Queen, and bestowed upon Their Majesties Æthelmearc tokens and gifts of esteem. Their Sylvan Majesties spoke fondly of the generosity, graciousness, and friendship of Their Majesties Lochac and bid her Excellency carry Their words back to her crown.
Lord Ho Chi, emissary of the Barony of Gotvik of the Kingdom of Drachenwald, was then called before The Crown. He also shared words on behalf of his baron and baroness to Their Majesties and presented gifts and tokens of esteem, and an offer of hospitality should the Crown or subjects of Æthelmearc ever find themselves with the borders of Gotvik. Their Sylvan Majesties then spoke of Their gratitude for the kindness shown and bid Lord Ho Chi carry Their words back to his baron and baroness.
Next, Their Majesties sought audience with Lady Aine ny Allane, Baron Ichijo Honen, Lord Borislav Novgorod, Sir Marek Viacheldrago, Lady Sybilla Detwyller, and Tegan Rhodes. Their Majesties spoke of the service these fine gentles gave by providing help to members of the Society during the recent flooding in the lands known as southern West Virginia. In recognition of their selfless service, Their Majesties bestowed upon each of them the Æthelmearc Award of Excellence. Tokens made by the hands of Lady Astrid Vigaskegg.
Angelo was then called before Their Majesties, who spoke of his service to the fighter community and to younger children. Their Majesties then saw fit to induct him into the order of the Silver Buccle. Scroll by Lady Giselle of the Rhydderich Hael.
Their Majesties spoke of Their wish to speak with Baroness Slaine an Einigh, who then presented herself before the Court. Their Majesties spoke of her quiet service; of retaining and running events. Having earned Their favor, Their Majesties then inducted her into the Order of the Keystone. Scroll by Lady Felice de Thornton.
Baroness Rowena Moore next presented herself before Their Sylvan Majesties who spoke of her willingness to give repeatedly of her skill, time, and love to the people of her barony and of the kingdom. For these good works Their Majesties did name her a companion of the Order of the Keystone. Scroll by the hands of The Honorable Lady Renata Rouge.
Lord Aaron the Swift was then called forward. His Majesty spoke of Lord Aaron’s prowess on the field and of the renown he has earned among the fighting community, and so inducted Lord Aaron into the Order of the Golden Alce. Scroll unsigned.
Next Their Majesties wished to have words with Lady Sara Ballengee. They spoke of her courtesy and kindness toward others, and being pleased with Their subject in these ways did bestow upon her a Cornelian so that others might know of the esteem of The Crown. Scroll by Helena Mützhasen.
Baroness Bronwyn nic Gregor was then invited before Their Majesties, who spoke at length regarding her quiet and ongoing service. They spoke specifically of her time at troll, of being a welcoming presence for newcomers, and her assistance with the list tables to ensure tournaments run well. Their Majesties then called for the Order of the Millrind and did induct Baroness Bronwyn into that esteemed order. Scroll by Baroness Ekaterina Volkova.
Their business not yet being concluded with the Order of the Millrind, Their Majesties bade Their order tarry a bit longer and called for Duchess Morgen of Rye. Their Majesties told of the leadership and inspiration of Duchess Morgan and, seeing it right and proper, did make her a companion of the Order of the Millrind. Scroll illumination by the hands of The Honorable Lady Isabel Fleuretan. Calligraphy by Kameshima-kyō Zentarō Umakai.
Next, Sir Ian Kennovan was summoned before Their Majesties. When asked for his answer as to whether he wished to be counted among the companions of the Order of the Laurel, Sir Ian did answer in the affirmative. Therefore, the Order of the Laurel was invited to join Their Majesties in Their Court. Duke Mathew Blackleaf then came forward as a royal peer and spoke of Sir Ian’s exceptional service, how he inspires others, and how he has an understanding of the nuances of the kingdom. Speaking for the Order of Chivalry Sir Otto of Westphalia spoke of how Sir Ian’s chivalry is not just confined to the list, but that he is honorable and humble in all aspects of his life and conduct. Master Anias Fenn spoke on behalf of the Order of Defense regarding that nebulous something that Sir Ian has to inspire others who are in his presence. Master Filippo de Sancto Martino spoke for the Order of Pelican to Sir Ian’s service when no one else watches, how he has persevered and learned through failure and is not afraid to fail, how he finds ways to overcome the impossible, and serves with joy while living The Dream. Mester Meszaros Janos spoke of Sir Ian as one who is both skilled as an artist and a scientist and how rare a trait this is. He spoke of how Sir Ian will bring this trait to the Order and how the Order and the Kingdom would benefit. Hearing the words of these peers, Their Sylvan Majesties were moved to induct Sir Ian into the Order of the Laurel. They called for a hood to cover his head, a pin to let others know of his new station, a wreath of laurels to crown his brow, and a fruitcake to fill his belly. Having regaled him thus, Their Majesties received his oath and proclaimed him to the populace as a Companion of the Order of the Laurel. Scroll, in the form of a round shield, was constructed by Master Caoinleán Seanchaidh and Mistress Cynthia Love of Tower, with words by Duchess Dorinda Courtenay.
Her Majesty then called for Viscount Edmond Dracatorr. She spoke of a particular fight His Excellency fought during the tourney for the kingdom heavy weapons championship. Her Majesty remarked on not just the prowess, but the conduct toward his opponent, and so was moved to name Viscount Edmond her inspiration this day and for this she bestowed upon him a Golden Escarbuncle.
There being no further business, the court of Their Majesties was closed.
In Honor and Service,
To the gentle folk of Æthelmearc, Greetings!
We hope to see many gentles at Champs!
If so, plan to attend Æthelmearc AEcademy and War College, hosted by the gracious Shire of Nithgaard on Saturday, November 12.
Don’t see your favorite topic listed? Sign up to teach!
Class slots are filling up quickly! Only 12 time slots remain, so please register ASAP and avoid disappointment. (NOTE: If you do not receive a message thanking you for registering your class, please contact me; that means your registration did not go through.)
If you’ve never taught at Æcademy (or if it’s been a while), no problem! It’s easy to register — Just go to the Æcademy registration website and supply the requested information about yourself and your class.
If you’ve never taught a class (or have taught but are still a bit nervous about teaching), please check out our resources for teachers.
If you are considering teaching a class but are hesitant because it is financially prohibitive, please consider applying for the Countess Aidan ni Leir Stipend:
In memory of Countess Aidan ni Leir, a stipend of $100 will be awarded to one Fall Æcademy teacher who best meets the criteria described below. The stipend is to be used to defray the cost of non-consumable teaching materials for a hands-on class for a minimum of 6 people.
(“Non-consumable teaching materials” are tools and supplies that would be used multiple times and would remain with the teacher after the class has ended. It does *not* include supplies for which students would pay a fee for or which they would take with them.)
Items purchased with the money would be the property of the teacher who is awarded the stipend.
In addition to teaching at Fall Æcademy, the teacher who receives the stipend must also teach the class at least once more, in a different region in the Kingdom.
Those wishing to submit a proposal should include the following:
This offer is open to anyone teaching at Fall Æcademy, no matter whether this is your first time teaching the class … or your fourteenth. You do not have to have an arts award to submit a proposal.
The deadline for submitting proposals is 11:59 p.m., Thursday, October 20th. The more persuasive your proposal, the better your chance of being selected.
By Sunday, October 30, I will contact everyone who has submitted a proposal.
If your proposal is selected, at Æcademy you will hand me a receipt for the supplies you purchased for the class, and I will hand you a check for $100.
Questions? Please do not hesitate to contact me at ae DOT aecademy AT aethelmearc DOT org
Feel free to forward this message to anyone who might be interested in submitting a proposal.
Mistress Alicia Langland, Chancellor, Æthelmearc Æcademy
P.S. — Here’s the link to the Facebook events page.
You can grab one of twelve chances to help the East Kingdom and send a message to our Kingdom and beyond! The East Kingdom Calendar is again seeking sponsors for each month. Past sponsors have paid tribute to mentors, celebrated household occasions, and expressed their love of the East. Individuals or groups can sponsor a page for $125, and in return they create an up to forty word message for that month as well as receive a free calendar and note cards. Proceeds from this year’s calendar will support both the reign of King Brion and Queen Anna, as well as their heirs.
The calendar was started in 2014 by Mistress Catrin o’r Rhyd For with assistance by Baroness Lucie Lovegood of Ramesgate. Baroness Lucie, who is helming the project this year, described its growth. “People now look forward to seeing the incredible scribal talents showcased in the calendar. The success and the reach of the calendar has grown. This project has reached 12 Kingdoms and been shipped to New Zealand and beyond. We are so thankful to the scribes for sharing their time and talents with the Knowne World.”
This year’s calendar focuses on horoscopes and will be celebrated by a medieval astrological descriptions of great creativity written by Master Christian von Jaueregk. Photographs of the artwork can be seen at the Calendar webpage. The artists and their months are as follows:
January – Aquarius (by Mistress Kayleigh Mac Whyte)
Calendars will be available for pre-order starting on the Day of Their Highnesses Brion & Anna’s Coronation, Saturday, October 1st. They must be purchased in advanc. More information is available at the calendar’s website. For more information on sponsoring a month, contact Baroness Lucie Lovegood of Ramesgate, who expressed her thanks for all the support the project has received over the years. “The calendar started as a trial with the thought that we may be able to help offset some of the expenses that the Crown face in over the course of their service to the Kingdom. There are so many expenses that are not covered by the Royal Travel fund, and this private fundraiser gives the Monarchs the ability to travel to foreign wars, off-set costs of hospitality when their Royal Cousins visit, and help with various needs of the Kingdom. We had no idea it would be as successful as it has been, which is due to the wonderful people of the East.”
The rest of the 2017 East Kingdom Project staff are:
Filed under: Announcements, Arts and Sciences
• We will discuss the most recent internal and external Æthelmearc letters.
• We will eat breakfast, including tasty bacon.
• We will discuss YOUR recent heraldry submissions.
• We will eat tasty bacon!
• We will discuss neat ways to display your heraldry once it’s registered.
• Did we mention eating tasty bacon?
Beginners welcome! This is intended for people who want to learn heraldry.
No experience necessary. Please forward this to any websites or groups that may be interested.
The next Heraldry Breakfast will hopefully be in Thescorre sometime in November.
In Heraldic Service,
The Order of the Scarlet Guard is the Kingdom of Aethelmearc’s Order of High Merit for archery. Recently they requested of Their Majesties of Aethelmearc that they sign a Royal Accord, know as the Scarlet Guard Accord, granting to other members of equivalent orders who may visit the Kingdom of Aethelmearc, recognition and privileges equal to their own, including attendance at face to face order meetings.
The Order of the Sagittarius was established January 2 A.S 18 (1984) by Viktor and Sedalia. It is a polling order, meaning that prospective members are proposed to the existing membership, who advise Their Majesties regarding the suitability of those persons to join the order. The final decision rests with Their Majesties. The criteria for becoming a member of the Order of Sagittarius include showing superior prowess at the target archery range and having distinguished themselves in archery in one of the following areas; teaching and demonstrating the art of archery, making archery equipment or by helping to arrange archery at events and/or sites and thus demonstrating an overall impact to archery in the Kingdom.
The full details regarding the accord are discussed at length in this article appearing in the Aethelmearc Gazette: https://aethelmearcgazette.com/2016/09/30/scarlet-guard-accord-signed/
Filed under: Archery Tagged: aethelmearc, archery, Sagittarius
The Æthelmearc Gazette reports that the new heirs to the Kingdom are Duke Timothy and Duchess Gabrielle. A photo and more information about the other finalists and semi-finalists can be found here.
Filed under: Tidings Tagged: aethelmearc
At Crown Tournament in the Rhydderich Hael, Duke Timothy of Arindale defeated Count Andreas Morgan to win the Coronet of Crown Princess for his lady wife, Duchess Gabrielle von Nijenrode. The finals were fought best of five. Duke Timothy took the tournament in three straight rounds with sword and shield, great sword, and polearm.
The other semi-finalists were Sir Gareth Kincaid and Earl Yngvar the Dismal.
Congratulations, Prince Timothy and Princess Gabrielle!
Thanks to Mistress Ekaterina Volkova for her reporting on Crown via Facebook.
by Master Juan Miguel Cezar
I am happy to announce that their Majesties Æthelmearc have signed the Scarlet Guard accord and it is now part of the policy of the Order of The Scarlet Guard.
The accord is as follows:
Scarlet Guard Accord
To that end we extend to any visiting member of an Equivalent Order consideration of being equal in honor and rank to members of our Order of the Scarlet Guard. While visiting our lands they are welcome to our meetings and discussions of business of the Order, but shall not be added to message lists or groups, nor shall they be included as a voting member in any pollings. A member of an Equivalent Order that moves to Æthelmearc and becomes a permanent subject of the Kingdom, will be conferred all rights and privileges of being a full member of the Order of the Scarlet Guard.
Society Orders currently recognized as Equivalent Orders by the Scarlet Guard are:
All photos courtesy of Master Juan.
Following is the unoffical court report from Smoking Rocks Investiture, held this September 3.
Richard Leviathan and Alys Attewater were made Baron and Baroness of Smoking Rocks; scribe was Solskinn of Smoking Rocks.
Ceawling Alreading was made a Court Baron; scribe was Ignacia la Ciega.
Ana Godefelaugh was given an Award of Arms; scribe was Heather Rose deGourdon.
William Bonesetter was given an Award of Arms; scribe was Tola Knityr.
Evelyn of Easton was given an Award of Arms; scribes was Katrusha Skomorokh.
Justinius Alexander Eternus was given an Award of Arms. Illumination was by Aelthelthryth Kenricing and calligraphy by Avelina Keyes.
Eleyna Hilton was given a Kings Award of Esteem.
Barabas de Celicia was given an Order of the Tyger Combatant; scribe was Heather Rose deGordoun.
The reporting herald was Alesone Gray of Cranleigh.
Filed under: Court
Greetings to all from the keeper of the East Kingdom Calendar!
This is to let everyone know that it is now possible to load the Calendar of Events in to your personal Calendar!
No, I don’t mean using a quill and ink well to carefully copy each posting on to your copy of the Beasts of the East calendar, I mean Google Calendar, Apple Calendar, or Microsoft Outlook. Probably others, too, but those are all I’ve got to test with.
Go take a look at http://www.eastkingdom.org/EventsCalendarSync.php and follow the instructions. In the future, when you can’t find this post any more, all you need to remember is that it’s on the Events menu on every page of the East Kingdom website!
Filters will come in future revisions. At the moment, you get everything posted that hasn’t already happened.
Of course, if you want to copy the Events on to your copy of Beasts of the East, don’t let me stop you.
Filed under: Announcements
Arts & Sciences Research Paper #13: Persian Plants in Miniature: What are the Plants in Persian Illuminations?
Our thirteenth A&S Research Paper comes to us from Lady Raziya bint Rusa, of the Barony of Carolingia. She examines a question that troubles many people working with illuminated manuscripts: what exactly are those plants in the illuminations? Are they fanciful or are they plants that really existed in history? (Prospective future contributors, please check out our original Call for Papers.)
Persian Plants in Miniature: What are the Plants in Persian Illuminations?
Four years ago I bought a book of Persian miniatures for reference to help me sew garb. As I paged through over breakfast one illustration caught my eye – a hollyhock. I am a gardener by trade, and thought it out of place that a hollyhock, a staple of the English country garden, would be found in Persia. To satisfy my curiosity I did a quick web-search into Persian Plants. This line of questioning would be the undoing of my motivation to sew; two years later I had a seven thousand entry horticultural database and no new garb.
My early research led me to incomplete and unsatisfying websites that were rudimentary in their lists of Persian plants. Further digging led me to a promising link titled “Flora of Iran”. Two clicks into the eponymous site was a list of plants alphabetical by genus and species. The Flora of Iran (FOI) included family names and not much else; it had no common names or any other information on the plants. However the site did have thousands of entries including a boisterous thirty nine species in the Genus Alcea (hollyhock). I found many familiar names while reading, which I did with fascination. The list was large and complete looking; this was the sort of information I was looking for, this was worth digging into. Unfortunately I was hampered in using the data: this lovely list was a text document, not a spreadsheet. A couple months later I finished fixing that particular problem.
During the course of data entry I realized that I needed to verify that these plants were all native to the old world. I cross-referenced the data with several reputable sources that cover plant origins: Hortus Third, and the USDA Plant Database. I removed nineteen plants from my list. Species tend to travel from the old world to the new world, and not vice-versa. I am still ignorant of whether, and when, these plants may have been moved around the old world, since some of them certainly did not originate in Persia.
After winnowing my list slightly, I made a best attempt to identify the plants I was looking at in miniature. I scoured all the sources I had access to and I entered these plants into my database, noting which ones I was not certain of. I have looked at Ottoman Turkish miniatures as well, particularly those painted around the time of conquest over Persian territory. After this step I was left with another important issue: species familiar in cultivation such as fruit trees showed up in pictures but were not listed in the FOI. I realized the FOI only included species that were naturalized to Iran, not those in cultivation. I only had a list of those plants that grow themselves in the wild, native or introduced. I needed a list of domesticated plants.
A good friend of mine had been cooking recipes from Ibn Sayyar al-Warrāq’s “Annals of the Caliph’s Kitchens”. Good friends let you borrow al-Warrāq. This text is considered Baghdadi, not Persian, however later Persian cultures did include Baghdad, so it is a good source for information on plant use in the region. The book contains a few hundred references to specific plants which the translator calls out botanically. Meticulous chefs are of great benefit to horticulturalists. After adding these plants I had a list that was nearly complete. In more recent times I have been looking into information from medical texts, and Andalusian horticultural treatises to further complete the list.
After much pruning, the database currently contains 6964 plants. I have included: Genus, species, Family, common names, and some Arabic, Farsi, and Turkish names. I also determined whether or not the plant is available in the United States, and some basic notes on its use. I have made the information publicly available via my own site: https://sites.google.com/site/raziyasca/services/persian
However this still begs the question: What plants are found in the miniatures? I have found a number of plants that I can narrow down enough to put familiar names on. Each time I have discovered a recognizable plant, I check it against suspects in the database. The following plants are those which I have an educated guess as to their identity. (NB: Clicking on the name of each plant will take you to a modern photo of the plant, while clicking on each manuscript image will take you to a larger version.)
Plants from Miniatures
Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)
It is difficult to identify many trees in Persian miniatures. There is a tendency for them to be drawn with the subtlety of a lollipop. Cypress is a tree which has a very dense columnar form. Because of references to it in nearby Andalusian texts, and its presence in modern Iran, I suspect it was well known to the Persians.
Daffodil (Narcissus tazetta)
Daffodil, otherwise known as Narcissus, is a species which is very clear in illustrations. While many species of Narcissus are currently in cultivation, and certainly may have been grown in Persia, N. tazetta is the only species listed as currently naturalized in Iran. In modern times this species is also grown in a pure white form and called a “paperwhite”. (Note that there is also another species called paperwhite, N. papyraceus.) N. tazetta are often found for sale around the holiday season. It is interesting that it is also grown in a container in period.
Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera)
The date palm is an easy identification. Many illustrations in period are rudimentary, but one jumped out at me in its clarity. While the miniature is not finished being painted, it shows the fruit and fronds with good detail. Fruits and flowers form the core of how most plant classification has been done in the past. Modern research into genomes have clarified previous taxonomy, but flowers and seeds still form the basis of hands-on identification.
Daylily (Hemerocallis fulva)
Daylilies are a familiar face in modern gardens and were imported from the old world to North America. The old orange varieties that grow along Maine ditches grew in ancient Persia.
There are a number of flowering trees pictured in Persian miniatures, all of which I can only narrow to the family. They all have five petals and are colored: white, pink, red, or a combination. For those familiar in identifying trees in the Rosaceae family, there are critical differences in the time of bloom, the structure of the tree, and the size and shape of the leaf. The structure of the trees and the leaves are stylized to the point where it is impossible to tell if a difference is for accuracy or aesthetics. One also quickly notices that in Persian miniatures, ALL plants are in bloom at the same time, which is obviously erroneous even to a casual viewer.
Hollyhock and others (Malvaceae)
Hollyhocks started me on this journey, but are another group difficult to pinpoint. The mallow family (Malvacaea) corresponds well to the general depiction: five petaled flowers born on long stems amid five lobed leaves, flowers are usually two-toned: red, white, or pink. Based on the large number of species listed in the FOI in each of these Genera, it is likely that all of these are native to Persia, and they have spent millennia evolving into different species. Pictured is the traditional hollyhock; it is not in the FOI list but that exclusion does not exclude it from being a species cultivated in Persia.
Iris (Iris spp.)
Iris is easily identified, and is likely Iris germanica or I. kashmiriana. While not all illustrations match, seen here is a common depiction of: two-tone color, yellow bearding, and wide leaves.
Oak (Quercus spp.)
It is difficult to notice oaks in miniatures if one is only familiar with the pointed lobes of red and black oaks. While I cannot confirm the pictures are in fact oak, I think it is very likely. These trees can have a variety of leaf shapes including rounded lobes. Pictured here is Quercus robur, English oak.
Plane Tree (Platanus orientalis)
Plane tree, or sycamore, is a river species known for its peeling bark. As the bark peels, it reveals a light under layer as it peels off the tree. It has deeply lobed leaves, much like a maple. Due to variety in some illustrations, Maple-like leaves with brown bark, or white bark and non-lobed leaves I was unsure as to the identity of this tree for a time. Fortunately in one of the periods of more meticulous scribal work I found a specimen in fruit. The fruits of the plane tree are distinctive burr-like balls that hang from a stem. In period this tree is often pictured growing on the edge or a river or stream.
Pomegranate (Punica granatum)
Pomegranate can be hard to tell from other fruit trees. Many fruit trees are only shown as having round fruit of either red, yellow, or orange in color. Pomegranate stands out because of the sepals which stick out of the end of the fruit.
Poplar (Populus spp.)
While these trees look superficially like birch, birch is not a Persian genus. Instead these are poplar. P. alba and P. caspica have the characteristic white bark, a similar shape of leaf.
Poppy (Papaver spp.)
There are too many poppies to guess which species is pictured; photographed is P. orientale, a common garden variety. Most species in the FOI have the characteristic reddish-orange petals and black “eyes”.
Pictured is a plant easily identified as a large reed. It is shown both growing on the edge of water and much larger than surrounding objects. Arundo and Phragmites are similar enough that I cannot differentiate between the two in miniature.
Roses are quite possibly one of the most canonically Persian flowers. Unlike many of the other plants, roses are not shown pictured consistently. I have included four unique depictions of roses. It is interesting that while other plants were copied or traced, the scribes took time to illustrate roses anew each time. Some roses have a simple 5 petaled form, others seem to have double petals, and some have a form with more than double. This diversity suggests that a variety of different rose types were being grown in period.
Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus)
Rose of Sharon is the weakest illustration that I have found; it is a stretch to identify this as the plant in question. I hypothesized that it was not a rose because despite having five petals the illustration has two-tone color to the petals. The plant pictured is woody not herbaceous, which rules out Malvacaea.
Tulip (Tulipa spp.)
While we associate tulips with Holland, they were originally a species found in the Mediterranean, the Middle-East, and Central Asia. They are very happy in a much drier climate than what we typically raise them. Due to the plethora of species found in the FOI, I am unsure as to species: many look very similar. Several species have colors like those in the miniatures. Pictured is T. linifolia.
Willow (Salix babylonica)
Willows are seen in two basic forms in the miniatures: upright and weeping. This suggests at least two separate species. Pictured is a weeping species.
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Al-Muzzafar ibn Nasr Ibn Sayyar al-Waraq. 2007. Annals of the Caliphs’ Kitchens: Ibn Sayyar al-Warraq’s Tenth Century Baghdadi Cookbook. Trans. Nawal Nasrallah. Boston: Brill.
Atil, Esin. 1987. The Age of Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc.
Baily, Liberty Hyde, and Ethel Zoe Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third: A Concise Dictionary of Plants Cultivated in the United States and Canada. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Canby, Sheila, R. 1993. Persian Painting. Northampton Massachussetts: Interlink Books.
Canby, Sheila, R. 1999. The Golden Age of Persian Art 1501-1722. London: The British Museum.
Chelkowski, Peter J. 1975. Mirror of the Invisible World: Tales from the Khamseh of Nizami. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Conan, Michael. 2007. Middle East Garden Traditions: Unity and Diversity. Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks.
Hagedorn, Annette, Norbert Wolf. 2009. Islamic Art. Germany: Taschen.
“Plant Families” in Flora of Iran [database online]. [cited May 8, 2013].
“Plant Finder” in Missouri Botanical Garden. [database online]. [cited May 24, 2013].
Robinson, B.W. 1991. Fiftteenth-Century Persian Painting Problems and Issues. New York: New York University Press.
Soudavar, Abolala. 1992. Art of the Persian Courts: Selections from the Art and History Trust Collection. New York: Rizzoli.
Swietochowski, Marie Lukens, and Stefano Carboni, with essays by A. H. Morton and Tomoko Masuya. 1994. Illustrated Poetry and Epic Images: Persian Painting of the 1330s and 1340s. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Titley, Norah M. 1983. Persian Miniature Painting and its influence on the art of Turkey and India. Austin: University of Texas Press.
USDA Plant Database [database online]. [cited May 8, 2013].
Welch, Stuart Cary. 1972. A King’s Book of Kings: The Shah-Nameh of Shah Tahsmasp. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Wikipedia [database online]. [cited May 8, 2013].
Filed under: A&S Research Papers, Arts and Sciences Tagged: a&s, Arts and Sciences
Unto the Kingdom, greetings from Kameshima Silver Buccle! Following yesterday’s publication of the Crown Tournament list, I have received a few responses from people stating that someone’s title was incorrect, their name was misspelled, etc. First of all, thank you for this information, and please, if there are any more, let me know as soon as possible so that we can have everything correct and in order for this weekend’s tournament. However, my primary source of information when compiling this list is the Kingdom Order of Precedence (“OP”).
If someone’s information is wrong on the Crown Tournament list, chances are it is because their information is wrong (or missing!) in the Order of Precedence. (Of course, typos do happen as well, as evidenced by the consort who accidentally got the title of
So please, take a moment and look for your entry in the OP:
Are you listed under the name that you’re currently using, and is all
Are you not listed because you recently moved into Æthelmearc from another Kingdom? Then send mail to the Precedence Clerk with a link to your entry in the kingdom (or kingdoms!) in which you used to live, and he will make sure that our OP correctly reflects your awards.
Are you listed under another name than the one you’re currently using? Then send mail to the Precedence Clerk and inform him of the name that you’re using, the name (or, in some cases, names!) under which your previous awards are listed, and ask him to reconcile these entries.
Is some of your information missing? Accidents happen. Send mail to the Precedence Clerk and inform him of when you received an award that isn’t
The OP is a critical resource for Royalty and populace alike, making sure that everyone gets credit for the recognition they have received, trying to make sure that people who deserve recognition aren’t overlooked, and trying to avoid the awkward situation of receiving an award twice because of a bookkeeping error. But that can’t happen without your help.
In Honor and Service,
Kameshima Zentarō Umakai
For information on how to write award recommendations, please read our article on the subject.
Youth fighters of Æthelmearc, arm yourselves and gather at the Agincourt event in the Debatable Lands on October 29th, for Their Majesties seek new champions!
In just over one month’s time, King Marcus and Queen Margerite will hold Their Youth Champion’s Tournament, to find a successor for El Tigre, the current Kingdom Youth Champion. This is a chance for youth fighters to test their prowess against the best in the Kingdom and earn renown! Youth Champions receive tabards of their station and other regalia for the duration of their term, and are encouraged but not required to participate in court processions and attend Their Majesties in court. Their Majesties will be choosing up to three champions, one from each division, depending on the number of fighters in each division at the tournament.
Remember that courtesy and chivalry are as important as skill in Their Majesties’ choice of champions!
The tournament will be held in the early afternoon. The exact time will be announced once the event schedule is firmed up.
Youth fighters must be authorized to participate in the Kingdom Champion’s Tourney. Unauthorized youth fighters will have an opportunity to authorize before the tournament begins, but make sure to arrive early and be armored up and ready at the start time.
Limited loaner gear will be available.
If you have questions about the tourney, please contact Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope, Kingdom Youth Combat Marshal.
This coming March, the Barony of Carolingia will host a Laurels’ Prize Tourney – what challenge will you choose to meet?
A Laurels Prize Tourney is an event where members of the Order of the Laurel issue challenges in their area(s) of expertise, to be met by any interested party. (Really! You do not need any award or rank to answer a challenge – just a desire to engage with the question and share your results.) There are challenges of all kinds, from fiber arts to food, from material culture to performance.
At the event, entrants will meet with the Laurel who issued the challenge, and have the opportunity to talk in-depth with them about their work. They will also have the opportunity to display their work to all interested attendees; those who choose to answer a performance-based challenge will have the opportunity to perform their answer for not only the Laurel who issued the challenge, but also interested attendees from the event in general.
Each Laurel defines the terms of their challenge; each challenger will also decide how they wish to reward those who meet their challenge; some may choose a single winner, and some may reward every entrant who answers. There is no overall competition – there is no “Tourney Winner” for the day. The focus is on shared learning and intensive feedback, as well as the joy of sharing focused, excellent work.
Curious about the challenges? Take a look and see what strikes your fancy, and come to Carolingia this Spring to share your results! Challenges are still being added, so check back often to see what’s new.
Filed under: Announcements, Arts and Sciences, Events Tagged: a&s, Arts and Sciences, Carolingia, challenge, events, Laurel
Greetings unto all those intending to enter Fall Crown Tournament. Please be aware that both the combatant and the consort must submit a letter of intent, either through the following link (preferred) or by email to TRH Prince Brion and Princess Anna with a copy to the Kingdom Seneschal. Joint letters are preferred if you are using the following link, or if you are using email.
The Letter of Intent must be received by Coronation, October 1, 2016.
Filed under: Announcements Tagged: Fall Crown