SCA news sites

Ӕthelmearc Kingdom Party at Pennsic VL

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sun, 2016-05-08 16:37

The theme for the Ӕthelmearc Kingdom Party at Pennsic  VL will be “Arthurian Legends”.  Dress as your favorite hero from the time of King Arthur.  Even better, imagine how your persona would view King Arthur and how your persona would dress for Arthurian tournaments (which were surprisingly popular in medieval Europe).  We will have more details about the Party as Pennsic draws near, but the King and Queen wished to give the populace plenty of time to think about costumes. The Ӕthelmearc Kingdom Party will be held on the evening of August 8, starting at 8:30PM, in the Ӕthelmearc Royal encampment.  All members of the populace and friends of Ӕthelmearc are invited.

Our thanks go to THL Elss of Augsburg, who provided the idea for the theme.

Byron and Ariella, Rex et Regina Ӕthelmearc


Categories: SCA news sites

Kingdom Archivist Seeks Successor

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-05-07 16:07

Unto the populace of the East Kingdom, greetings,

It has been my pleasure to serve this realm as EK Archivist for these past 12 years. It is now time for me to step down and pass the office unto another gentle.

The responsibilities of the office include maintaining the accrued items that presently are in storage and to organize any new items that are passed onto the office. Presently the items are being stored in north New Jersey, but can be moved to where they are convenient for the new officer.

Anybody interested in the position should contact the Kingdom Seneschal or myself no later than June 30, 2016.

In service to the East,
Baronne Jehannine de Flandres OP, OL
archivist@eastkingdom.org


Filed under: Announcements, Uncategorized

Æthelmearc has Heirs

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-05-07 16:00

The Æthelmearc Gazette reports that their kingdom has new heirs, Prince Marcus and Princess Margerite.  For more information, read the Æthelmearc Gazette article.


Filed under: Tidings Tagged: aethelmearc

Rejoice, for Æthelmearc has Heirs!

AEthelmearc Gazette - Sat, 2016-05-07 15:08

This day in the Barony of Delftwood, Crown Tournament has concluded and Marcus and Margerite were crowned Prince and Princess of Æthelmearc!

Prince Marcus and Princess Margerite. Photo by THL Sophie Davenport.

The semi-finalists were Duke Timothy of Arindale fighting for the honor of Duchess Gabrielle van Nijenrode and Duke Malcolm Duncan MacEioghann fighting for the honor of Viscountess Rosalinde Ashworth in the winner’s list, and in the losers’ list, Duke Marcus Eisenwald fighting for the honor of Baroness Margerite Eisenwald and Sir Gareth Kincaid fighting for the honor of Mistress Julianna Delamare.

In the semis, Duke Timothy bested Sir Gareth in one fight while Duke Marcus defeated Duke Malcolm twice to move on to the finals against Duke Timothy.

The finals were fought best of five bouts. Duke Timothy won the first round with polearm. Duke Marcus won the second round with great sword. Duke Timothy won the next round with two-weapon. Duke Timothy then yielded a fight to Duke Marcus, evening up the count, to great praise from the populace for his chivalry. The final and deciding bout was won by Duke Marcus, who crowned his lady wife as Princess.

The unbelted fighter who went farthest in the tournament was Baroness Beatrix Krieger, who was the only non-Knight in the round before the quarter-finals.

Vivant Marcus and Margerite, Heirs to the throne of Æthelmearc!

Thank you to Mistress Ekaterina Volkova for her usual excellent Facebook updates that allowed us to bring you this report!


Categories: SCA news sites

Turning over a New Leaf: Change and Development in the Medieval Book

SCAtoday.net - Fri, 2016-05-06 23:14

A European web site, oapen.org, in cooperation with Leiden University Press, is offering a free e-book on the history of book publishing in the Middle Ages.

read more

Categories: SCA news sites

The Grand Council – Its History and Activities

East Kingdom Gazette - Fri, 2016-05-06 16:13

At last month’s Board of Directors meeting, the Grand Council was disbanded after a little over twenty years of service to the Society. After the decision was announced, it became clear that some members of the SCA weren’t aware of the Grand Council, its history or its activities. The Gazette thought it would be useful to provide this information. Our thanks to the former Grand Council and Board members who provided the information for this article.  Without a comprehensive written record of the SCA, it took many people to recreate our own history. – Mistress Catrin o’r Rhyd For

The Grand Council was an informal committee created by the SCA’s Board of Directors in the mid-1990’s after a difficult time for the SCA. An Executive Director had been hired who wasn’t familiar with the organization, and his handling of proposed changes and the membership’s concerns were unpopular. The proposals included a “pay-to-play” policy that might have required memberships in order to fight, receive awards, hold an office, or attend events. In addition, the SCA was facing extreme financial problems, which took the membership by surprise. When members requested access to the books, the Executive Director and the SCA’s legal counsel interpreted the governing documents as not allowing members access.

Several things happened as a result of this. Members sued for the right to access the financial records and won the case. An “SCA reform” email list was created with hundreds of members that advocated for change. Three Board members stepped down. Ansteorra incorporated as a separate organization, although it remained affiliated with the SCA. The royalty of the kingdoms met at Estrella and eleven of the thirteen kingdoms signed the Estrella Compact. The compact stated that the kingdoms would recognize each other’s “laws, customs, traditions, ranks and titles in perpetuity, no matter what their affiliations and circumstances”. This would have allowed more kingdoms to incorporate outside the SCA’s corporate structure, while still preserving a connected game for its participants.

Several actions followed this activity. The non-SCA Executive Director left. The corporate financial records were made available to the members. The Board modified the “pay-to-play” proposal, removing some of the restrictions and adding a fee for non-members attending events.

In addition, the Board created two advisory groups – the Inter-Kingdom Advisory Council and the Grand Council. Each group was given a specific area of the SCA to examine and were asked to provide feedback to the Board. The Inter-Kingdom Advisory Council was assigned the “game side”, as in things that affected the historical re-creation and inter-kingdom activities. The Grand Council was assigned the SCA’s corporate and organizational structure.

It isn’t possible to describe the Grand Council’s activities as one static structure since they changed over the years. The following are some things that stayed the same and some that didn’t.

  • The Grand Council originally picked its own schedule and topics, although it was required to provide a quarterly update to the Board. Sometime around 2006, the Board required that the Grand Council review topics that they submitted also. The schedule also defaulted largely to quarterly reports.
  • The Grand Council was supposed to include members that represented each Kingdom and at-large members. Actual membership varied depending on whether or not Kingdoms had people interested in filling a seat.
  • Communication was originally via a newsletter in which comments were compiled and distributed electronically and in print. This format was changed to an email list.
  • Input to the Board from the IKAC diminished over several years, and it was disbanded. As a result, the Grand Council’s mandate grew to include matters that affected the SCA’s medieval re-creation.

Over the years, the Grand Council discussed many topics that they proposed themselves. Early topics included outsourcing the corporate office functions, direct elections of Directors, and the impeachment process for Directors. Later topics included the Ministry of Children and child care rules; ending physical newsletters; the pros and cons of a new Peerage; how to decide whether to create another peerage; participant retention; alternative revenue models for the SCA; improved policies for social media/social networking; a new communications policy for the SCA; and officer training at all levels of the Society.

Topics requested by the Board over the years included how to improve the value of membership; a mandatory Code of Conduct for the SCA; creating a policy for dealing with individuals who have committed crimes outside of the SCA; an official start and end date for what is the SCA’s time period; whether to require membership for awards or combat; improvements to TI or CA; topics to add to the Known World Handbook; what should be, or what are, the requirements for a successful SCA reign; a tiered membership format; officer retention and recruiting; and analysis of the demographics of the SCA.

The Board disbanded the Grand Council at last month’s meeting with thanks for their service. John Fulton, Richard Sherman, and Andrew Coleman were assigned to investigate the creation of a new vehicle which could facilitate communication between the membership and the Board. At this point the format of the committee is unknown. A preference has been stated by the Board for the Kingdoms to have representation on and control over most of the committee. In addition, it will be expected to use social media to connect with the membership and give them access to the committee’s work. The Society’s new President, John Fulton, has invited anyone with suggestions for the design of the committee to contact him at president@sca.org.


Filed under: Corporate Tagged: Grand Council

Royal Gratitude for Blackstone Raids

AEthelmearc Gazette - Tue, 2016-05-03 20:19

Their Royal Majesties have asked the Gazette to share the following with the populace:

Unto the Hospitable Barony of Blackstone Mountain and the Staff of Blackstone Raids Do Byron and Ariella, Rex et Regina, send sincere thanks!

We greatly enjoyed our time at your event last weekend and observed many enjoying the same! Your preparations for Us were extensive with food, drink, and accommodations beyond anything we might expect. Thank you to those who provided such delicious food all weekend and carefully followed our Whims. Having the tent set up on the field as well as all ranges and the battlefield was wonderful. Event staff was courteous and helpful to Us and our Entourage, even while running such a large and long event. We spoke with neighbors from other Kingdoms — Atlantia, the Midrealm, and the West — who were also smiling and having a great time. Our Kingdom is proud of how you host Blackstone Raids!

Yours,
Byron, Rex
Ariella, Regina


Categories: SCA news sites

Scarlet Guard Announces Annual Challenge

AEthelmearc Gazette - Tue, 2016-05-03 13:47

Unto all the groups of Æthelmearc does the Order of the Scarlet Guard wish to issue a challenge.

This year on Saturday, June 11, in the Shire of Hornwood at the Scarlet Guard Inn IV, we are inviting every Barony, Shire, Canton, and College to send an individual to compete in an archery competition.

To enter, each group can pick one representative who is a member of that group, and send along a signed letter from the seneschal of the group as proof of entry. Only persons with a signed letter from the group’s seneschal will be allowed to compete. We would also ask that each group send a small item or token from their group that would then be put in the prize basket for the winner. There is also a banner for the winner to keep during the year. It is our plan to have the name of the winner and group he/she is from added to this banner each year.

Members of the Scarlet Guard are not eligible to shoot in this competition. Also, the archer who won the previous year is not eligible, but that group may send another archer instead.

The winner of last year’s challenge was the Barony-Marche of the Debatable Lands, which sent Takamatsu Gentarou Yoshitaka as its representative.

It is our hope to continue this challenge every year.

If you have any questions, please contact us at scarletguard_clerk@aethelmearc.org.

Archers competing at the Scarlet Guard Inn last June. Photo by Arianna.


Categories: SCA news sites

Get Out the Throw!

AEthelmearc Gazette - Mon, 2016-05-02 11:51

Greetings unto the noble populace of Æthelmearc from Maestro Antonio de Luna.

At the request of Their Sylvan Majesties, Byron and Ariella, the thrown weapons community is starting a “Get Out the Throw” campaign!

We want people of every age and skill level to flock to the ranges and start throwing! We want to expand the ranks of Æthelmearc’s throwing community and show the Known World both our superior numbers and skill. I know the subject line made mention of a contest, and here it is:

This will be a participation contest, beginning May 1st and culminating at the Pennsic War! Points will be awarded for participation, not scores or tournament wins. This allows for a more level playing field.

  • For every practice you have a Royal Round score submitted at, you get a point.
  • For every ranking level you earn through Royal Rounds, you get 5 points.
  • For every practice a marshal runs and submits RR scores, a point.
  • For every tournament a marshal runs, another point.
  • For every tournament a thrower enters, a point.

But the big points come at Pennsic!

  • Helping with setup and/or tear down on the range awards 10 points per.
  • Every day that you either practice, teach, marshal or throw in a competition at Pennsic awards 5 points. (A sign-in sheet will be kept at the range)

For any competition or practice that runs between now and Pennsic, marshals can use the email address below to send me a copy of the score sheets (or just a list of the names) and I will record them. As this is a Kingdom-based tournament, I am using the Royal Round scoring maintained on the Æthelmearc Thrown Weapons website.

The winners will be announced at an event of Their Majesties’ choosing following the War.

The prizes, you ask? Custom made thrown weapons bags containing items no thrower can do without!

Scores and any questions can be emailed to Master Antonio at britonio72@gmail.com.

Throwers to the line, Æthelmearc! Let’s Get Out the Throw!


Categories: SCA news sites

Arts & Sciences Research Paper #9: Making green paint medievally with spring irises and fall buckthorn berries

East Kingdom Gazette - Mon, 2016-05-02 09:03

Our ninth A&S Research Paper comes to us from Lady Adrienne d’Evreus, of the Province of Malagentia. She turns to the flora of her woodlands to learn ways that medieval painters made green pigments. (Prospective future contributors, please check out our original Call for Papers.)

Making green paint medievally with spring irises and fall buckthorn berries

Iris flower and buckthorn berries. Photo by Adrienne d’Evreus.

Many medieval manuscripts explain how to make green for illumination with seasonably available resources. Excited to make green from my local plants, I used iris in May and buckthorn in September to make some beautiful green paint using instructions from an anonymous medieval treatise, De Arte Illuminandi. Even with some incorrect assumptions about materials, by using translated fourteenth century instructions as a guide with iris blossoms and buckthorn berries, beautiful green pigment was produced.

Contents
Iris blossoms and iris green
Buckthorn berries and sap green
References

According to Daniel V. Thompson in The Materials and Techniques of Medieval Painting, the primary medieval substitutes for verdigris in book illumination were iris and sap green (Thompson 169-171). I was inspired by his book and excited to make green paint using some medieval methods.

Iris blossoms and green

My love of iris began as a child in my father’s gardens as I learned how to grow with him. His observation that they tolerated and seemed to enjoy wet soil was driven home years later as a college student when I accidentally chose a tidal riverbed for a late night nap after dark and woke up with the break of dawn a few hours later getting increasingly damp in rising tidewater amongst these beautiful blue lilies! The place I chose for my iris at home is a garden spot that floods in the spring and stays moist but not sopping in the summer. They seem to be very happy and produce many blossoms every year.

Looking to medieval manuscripts to make recipes for iris or lily green (Thompson and Hamilton 2), instructions were found in Mappae Clavicula (Smith and Hawthorne 51), De Arte Illuminandi (Thompson and Hamilton 6-7) and a number of Mary P. Merrifield’s Original Treatises (Merrifield ccxix, 422, 504 and 678, 684), often as clothlets. On Merrifield’s page 678 and 684 she translates recipes from a seventeenth century manuscript. Those recipes inspired me to try fermented iris juice experiments too.

Clothlets are a means of storing pigments. The impregnated cloth could later be placed into a dish (Thompson 144) or clam shell (Thompson and Hamilton 17) and wetted with a bit of glair (egg white) or gum water, and it would release its stored pigment into the vessel, creating a transparent stain. The glossary of the British Library describes “clothlet” as “A piece of cloth impregnated with pigment (generally a vegetable dye)” and in The Materials and Techniques of Medieval Painting Thompson says:

“iris green… was made from the juice of iris flowers, sometimes mixed with alum and thickened… but more often prepared as a clothlet. Bits of cloth were dipped into the juice of iris flowers and dried, again and again, until they contained a sufficient quantity of the color.” (Thompson 171)

De Arte Illuminandi indicates that you should pound iris blossoms in a mortar and pestle then squeeze them through a cloth to extract the juice. Linen cloths pre-treated with rock alum should then be dipped in the juice and dried in the shade multiple times. These clothlets are then stored in books. (Thompson and Hamilton 7). Merrifield’s “Bolognese Manuscript” from the fifteenth century calls for dipping the cloths in rock alum first then iris juice and keeping these cloths in a closed box (Merrifield 422).

The recipes often consist of adding alum to the iris juice. I didn’t get the Dover edition of Merrifield’s Original Treatises until Christmas of 2015 so for the 2015 experiments I used alum acquired from a modern and traditional dye supplier—aluminum sulfate, Al2(SO4)3. What was actually indicated and used by the medieval craftsman was rock alum, defined in the Dover edition of Merrifield’s glossary as potassium aluminum sulfate, KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6 (Alexander xii, xxviii).

Taking the advice of Wendy Feldberg, I collected iris blossoms as they bloomed daily at the end of May and beginning of June in 2015 and froze them to try with the recipes when they were done blooming. Though there were not freezers in medieval Europe, this seemed like a reasonable compromise since spring inspires so many other activities and obligations. After freezing and thawing the iris blossoms, without the added work of ‘pounding’, they gave me 78.91g of gorgeous transparent blue liquid that I poured into a clean glass jar. I separated the juice into four portions, adding additional variables.

I wondered what would happen when you didn’t modify the juice at all or exposed it to alkaline materials (like clam or eggshell) rather than an acid like the alum suggested by the medieval sources so I tried it all: plain iris juice for a control, and iris juice with clam shells and eggshells for alkaline as well as iris juice with aluminum sulfate, an acid.

Four jars of iris juice and different variables. Photo by Adrienne d’Evreus.

The aluminum sulfate and iris juice combination started turning a dark turquoise color. It was swirled to combine and allowed to sit undisturbed for approximately four hours. I decanted the aluminum sulfate saturated juice into a clean jar and used that solution to saturate three clean 8x10cm squares of linen. Then they were dried on a piece of parchment paper under a gentle fan protected from the cat and other disturbances. After waiting for each saturation to completely dry, this procedure was repeated five more times over several days.

Iris juice with aluminum sulfate on linen, wet and dry. Photo by Adrienne d’Evreus.

After the first experiment with fresh iris blossoms, the bag of partially exhausted blossoms was returned to the refrigerator. Several weeks later the blossoms had fermented. Intrigued by the slightly post-1600 recipe ideas that used fermented iris (Merrifield 678, 684), I used the blue liquid squeezed from them too. After letting the white slimy precipitate settle I poured the cleanest juice off for new trials. These used clam shells and eggshells with and without aluminum sulfate, as well as three linen clothlets soaked in a 10:1 aluminum sulfate solution first, which follows the original medieval recipe procedure in De Arte Illuminandi (Thompson and Hamilton 6-7). These second clothlets were only soaked three to four times because I ran out of juice. As they were soaked they had a beautiful blue-green hue. They were dried, as before, between each soaking.

Finished iris clothlets; the clothlets on the right were made with fermented iris juice. Photo by Adrienne d’Evreus.

All clothlets and jars with variables were reserved on the refrigerator away from the cat and as cleanly as possible while drying under a fan.

The trials of iris juice with the addition of aluminum sulfate, from both ‘fresh’ and fermented iris juice, in an alkaline substrate like clam shells or not, all produced green results. A small brush was used to combine distilled water, Winsor and Newton gum Arabic, and prepared pigment from iris to paint out resulting materials onto Strathmore 100lb vellum surface Bristol board.

From left to right: iris juice with aluminum sulfate from a glass jar, iris juice with aluminum sulfate from a clam shell, more-concentrated iris juice and aluminum sulfate from a glass jar, all on Bristol board. Photo by Adrienne d’Evreus.

The plain iris juice, plain iris juice in a clam shell or eggshell without aluminum sulfate resulted only in browns whether fermented or not. I was a little surprised that the juice didn’t stay blue at all by itself after drying.

Plain iris juice in a clam shell on the right; iris juice with a pinch of alum in a clam shell on the left. Photo by Adrienne d’Avreus.

There were no iris clothlets prepared without aluminum sulfate. Both fermented and non-fermented clothlets made with aluminum sulfate produced pretty green linen yielding delicate green ‘paint’ when combined with some distilled water and gum Arabic. The fermented iris juice clothlet produced a slightly more brown-green than the non-fermented. The bacteria and fungus in the fermentation process may have caused the iris green to deteriorate slightly resulting in a more brown-green than pure light green produced from the clothlet prepared with non-fermented juice.

Pigment from fresh iris juice and aluminum sulfate clothlet on the left; pigment from fermented iris juice and aluminum sulfate clothlet on the right. Photo by Adrienne d’Evreus.

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Buckthorn berries and Sap Green

In the fall it took me what felt like forever to find Rhamnus spp. berries for the sap green. I searched the fields and ditches near my house, and even went to “Buckthorn Lane” in my local neighborhood. I found other trees with other fruits but no buckthorn! Even though my dad had taught me about many plants and how to garden, he never taught me about buckthorn. Non-native invasive species were to be eradicated in his experience, not fostered or encouraged.

Finally someone said “look for tall trees, usually somewhere wet” so I went back to my stomping grounds as a teenager in Westbrook, Maine and found spindly trees with small berries in what used to be a wetland for protected turtles. “This?! Is this it?!” I begged my friends to confirm cell phone pictures of my find. The leaves looked right from the National Agricultural Library’s invasive plant website (NAL 2015) and Mistress Isabel Chamberlain’s blog (Siconolfi); the berries were dark and the bush was spindly and taller than I might have guessed, growing somewhere wet. “Yes!”, they chorused, “that looks right, try it!”

Sap green from buckthorn berries (Merrifield ccxviii) is defined by Pigment Compendium as a flavonoid dye coming from buckthorn, Rhamnus spp (Eastaugh et al. 338). De Arte Illuminandi and Original Treatises have recipes to produce it, just like the iris green. The identification of the berries and when to gather them is described in De Arte Illuminandi (Thompson and Hamilton 43) which points to Cennino Cennini for their identification (Thompson 32n). Once identified, the buckthorn berries should be combined with lye and rock alum dissolved under heat to make green (Thompson and Hamilton 7). Recipes to make the green were also found in Merrifield’s Original Treatises (420-428, 662, 706, 708-710, 786, 808). The recipes after page 640 in Merrifield’s books are from manuscripts written after the sixteenth century. They were not as interesting to me but I feel that these other sap green recipes are relevant to researchers of the earlier sources due to their material and procedural similarities.

According to De Arte Illuminandi the green from buckthorn could have been prepared and stored as clothlets, like iris, or sealed in a glass bottle (Thompson and Hamilton 7). I decided to experiment with the second method.

On September 4, 2015, 100.00g of buckthorn berries were added to a 12oz glass jelly jar and crushed with a plastic fork. They were sticky and smelled slightly winy. They ranged from almost black and squishy through reddish to green and firm.

Buckthorn berries. Photo by Adrienne d’Evreus

The recipe in De Arte Illuminandi contains lye as I previously mentioned. Lye or ley is defined in the new Dover edition as an alkaline solution made from mixing wood ashes with water (Alexander xxiii). In an online conversation with Geffrei Maudeleyne, he explained where in De Arte Illuminandi to look (Thompson and Hamilton 36-37) and Asplund confirmed that potassium carbonate, K2CO3, is what the medieval craftsmen would have made and used. Since I didn’t have the Dover edition with its glossary until Christmas 2015, I relied on the sage advice and resources of these online friends and fellow pigment makers.

In a Corning Ware sauce pan (to emulate the “glazed porriger” of De Arte Illuminandi‘s instruction) 11.60g of lye, K2CO3, was mixed with 100g of distilled water. Adding 5.05g of aluminum sulfate, Al2(SO4)3, resulted in immediate bubbling. The reactions at this point had increased the temperature a little to 80 degrees F. Warming the mixture on a simmer burner on low, I hoped to dissolve more of the alum. After about ten minutes the bubbling had mostly stopped. The temperature had risen to 120 degrees F and the solution had a pH of 6 and a milky appearance. Heating it up to encourage the aluminum sulfate to dissolve, a little mass and volume was lost by evaporation and in the sink when it was transferred into the jar with crushed berries. A little residue remained in the pan, and the total weight of the solution decreased to 87.07g. Pouring the liquid into the berries caused an immediate color change like I saw in the spring with the iris! Turquoise again!

Crushed buckthorn berries mixed with aluminum sulfate and lye. Photo by Adrienne d’Evreus.

The lye/aluminum sulfate solution was mixed into the berries with the plastic fork. The following day the solution had bubbled out of the jar a little. The jar was relocated into a glass bowl in an undisturbed corner for two more days. The third day after the addition of aluminum sulfate and lye, a clean square of cloth was used to strain the juice into another jar. The jar was capped and closed when not accessing this liquid for paint experiments. It produced another pretty green liquid! This is most likely the sap green I was hoping for.

A small brush was used to combine distilled water, Winsor and Newton gum Arabic, and prepared pigment from the buckthorn to paint out resulting materials onto Strathmore 100lb vellum surface Bristol board.

Sap green, concentrated and dilute, applied to Bristol board. Photo by Adrienne d’Evreus.

Both iris and buckthorn berries produced green pigment using the fourteenth century instructions from De Arte Illuminandi, despite using aluminum sulfate rather than potassium aluminum sulfate. Moving forward with the “correct” alum will be interesting next time. I wonder if it will produce the same green or a different one. My father would be satisfied that I made lovely green paint from the plants I grew and found using science. My science teachers would have been happier with better note taking and more pictures so I will attempt that with fresh and correct materials in 2016. There are so many colors achievable from other berries and more invasive and native plants and weeds using historic European recipes from hundreds of years ago. I can’t wait to see what else is achievable! What are you inspired to learn, experiment with, and achieve?
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References

Alexander, S. M. Glossary of Technical Terms in Medieval and Renaissance Treatises on the Arts of Painting. By Merrifield xi-xxxiv. New York: Dover, 1967.

Asplund, Randy. Personal communication on Facebook and in e-mail, 2015.

Broecke, Lara. Cennino Cennini’s Il libro dell’arte, A new English translation and commentary with Italian transcription.  London:  Archetype Publications Ltd., 2015.

Brown, Jamin. Accessed December 2015.

Brown, Michelle P. Understanding Illuminated Manuscripts: A Guide to Technical Terms (J. Paul Getty Museum: Malibu and British Library: London, 1994). 

Clarke, Mark. The Art of All Colours. London: Archetype Publications, Ltd., 2001.

Eastaugh, Nicolas, et al. Pigment Compendium A Dictionary of Historical Pigments. Boston: Elsevier, Ltd, 2008.

Feldberg, Wendy. Personal communication via blog comments and e-mail, 2015.

Maudeleyne, Geffrei. Personal communication, August 2015.

Merrifield, Mary P. Original Treatises: Dating from the XIIth to XVIIIth Centuries on the Arts of Painting, in Oil, Miniature, Mosaic, and on Glass; of Gilding, Dyeing, and the Preparation of Colours and Artificial Gems; Preceded by a General Introduction; with Translations, Prefaces, and Notes, In Two Volumes. London: John Murray, Albemarle Street, 1849. (The new Dover edition with a glossary also suggests some of her dating of the manuscripts is not correct.)

Medieval and Renaissance Treatises on the Arts of Painting, Original Texts with English Translations. New York: Dover Publications, Inc, 1967, 1999.

National Agricultural Library. Accessed September 2015.

Siconolfi, Claire. Accessed September 2015.

Smith, Cyril Stanley and Hawthorne, Daniel G. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society held at Philidelphia for promoting useful knowledge. New series Volume 64, part 4. Mappae Clavicula, a little key to the world of medieval techniques. 1974.

Thompson, Daniel V. The Craftsman’s Handbook. “Il Libro dell’Arte”. New York: Dover Publications, Inc, 1960.

Thompson, Daniel V. The Materials and Techniques of Medieval Painting. New York: Dover Publications, 1956.

Thompson, Daniel Varney and Hamilton, George Hurd. De Arte Illuminandi, the Technique of Manuscript Illumination. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1933.
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Filed under: A&S Research Papers, Arts and Sciences Tagged: a&s, Arts and Sciences

Crowning a Princess

East Kingdom Gazette - Sun, 2016-05-01 17:01

Yesterday in Tir Mara, Duke Brion Anthony Uriel Tarragon won the right to make his consort, Duchess Anna Ophelia Holloway Tarragon, Princess of the Eastern Kingdom.  He first made her a princess just over thirty years ago, and they ruled as the 34th Crowns of the Kingdom of Atenveldt.  They have twice before ruled as King and Queen of the East.

The Gazette thanks Sir Simon Gwyn for the use of his photos.

 

 


Filed under: Court Tagged: Crown Tournament

The New Prince and Princess of the East!

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-04-30 16:27

Duke Brion Anthony Uriel Tarragon defeated Sir Wilhelm von Ostenbruck to become the Prince of the East, and Duchess Anna Ophelia Holloway Tarragon is now Princess of the East.

Many thanks to Mistress Ygraine of Kellswood and Mistress Tadea Isabetta di Bruno for all of the on-site reporting!


Filed under: Uncategorized Tagged: Crown Tournament, spring crown

Crown Tourney – Finals / Les Finalistes du Tournoi de la Couronne

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-04-30 15:48

The finals will be best of 5 with rotating weapon forms.

En Français:

Celle-ci sera déterminée de la même façon que les demi-finales.

Duke Brion Anthony Uriel Tarragon for the honor of Duchess Anna Ophelia Holloway Tarragon

versus

Sir Wilhelm von Ostenbrucke fighting for the honour of Mistress Vienna de la Mer


Filed under: Heavy List Tagged: Crown Tournament, spring crown

Crown Tourney – Semi Finals / Demi-Finales du Tournoi de la Couronne

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-04-30 15:11

The four combatants remaining in the tournament are as follows. Five wins will be required to advance. This means an undefeated fighter will need two wins; a fighter who has already lost a bout will need three wins.

Duke Brion and Sir Ivan need two wins, Duke Randal and Sir Wilhelm need three.

En français: Les quatre combattants restants dans le tournoi sont listés ci-dessous. Cinq victoires seront nécessaires pour avancer à la prochaine étape. Ceci veut dire qu’un combattant n’ayant subi aucune défaite devra obtenir deux victoires, tandis qu’un combattant ayant déjà subi une défaite devra obtenir trois victoires pour progresser

Duke Brion Anthony Uriel Tarragon for the honor of Duchess Anna Ophelia Holloway Tarragon

versus

Duke Randal of the Dark for the honor of Duchess Katherine Stanhope

and

Sir Ivan Ivanov syn Dimitriov vynuk Tzardikov fighting for the honour of Baroness Matilde de Cadenet.

versus

Sir Wilhelm von Ostenbrucke fighting for the honour of Mistress Vienna de la Mer


Filed under: Heavy List Tagged: Crown Tournament

Crown Tourney – Final Eight / Les Huit Finalistes du Tournoi de la Couronne

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-04-30 14:52

The field has been narrowed to the remaining combatants.

En français

Le champ de bataille a été réduit aux participants suivants.

Duke Brion Anthony Uriel Tarragon for the honor of Duchess Anna Ophelia Holloway Tarragon

Duke Randal of the Dark for the honor of Duchess Katherine Stanhope

Sir Ivan Ivanov syn Dimitriov vynuk Tzardikov fighting for the honour of Baroness Matilde de Cadenet.

Sir Wilhelm von Ostenbrucke fighting for the honour of Mistress Vienna de la Mer.

Baron Matthias Grunwald fighting for the honour of Baroness Æsa feilinn Jossursdottir.

Baron Sigurthr VigurHafn fighting for the honour of Baroness Medhbh inghean Cheallaigh.

Baron Tiberius Nautius Maximus fighting for the honour of Maeve of Linne Tatha.

Sir Marcus Blackaert fighting for the honour of Baroness Astrid Sigrun Ulfkelsdottir.


Filed under: Events, Heavy List Tagged: Crown Tournament, spring crown

Crown Tourney Sweet Sixteen/ Les seize Finalistes du Tournoi de la Couronne

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-04-30 14:22

Having completed the early rounds of competition, there are now sixteen competitors left.  They are as follows:

En français: Après les premières rondes de compétition, il reste maintenant seize participants. Ceux-ci sont:

Duke Brion Anthony Uriel Tarragon for the honor of Duchess Anna Ophelia Holloway Tarragon

Duke Randal of the Dark for the honor of Duchess Katherine Stanhope

Peter de Bracebridge fighting for the honour of Lady Gaeira Aggadottir.

Baron Matthias Grunwald fighting for the honour of Baroness Æsa feilinn Jossursdottir.

Jarl Valgard Stonecleaver fighting for the honour of Lady Gracia Vasquez de Trillo.

Sir Ivan Ivanov syn Dimitriov vynuk Tzardikov fighting for the honour of Baroness Matilde de Cadenet.

Master Tiberius Iulius Rufus Primus fighting for the honour of Vopiscus Rufius Donatus.

Sir Marcus Blackaert fighting for the honour of Baroness Astrid Sigrun Ulfkelsdottir.

Renaud Mauclerc du Dragon Dormant fighting for the honour of Léana Doucet

Sir Wilhelm von Ostenbrucke fighting for the honour of Mistress Vienna de la Mer.

Sir Simon Gwyn fighting for the honour of Lady Tullia Tranquilla.

Sir Rhys Ravenscroft fighting for the honour of Vicondesa Jimena Montoya.

Baron Tiberius Nautius Maximus fighting for the honour of Maeve of Linne Tatha.

Baron Sigurthr VigurHafn fighting for the honour of Baroness Medhbh inghean Cheallaigh.

Sir Ané du Vey fighting for the honour of Mistress Sylvia de Vey.

Lord Ulfgeirr Ragnarsson the Nice fighting for the honour of Lady Lavina Attewode.

EDIT: The original version of this post had Lord William Ravenhair advancing, instead of Sir Wilhelm von Ostenbrucke. This was due to a transcription error, and we apologize for the confusion.


Filed under: Events, Heavy List Tagged: Crown Tournament, spring crown

Crown Tourney Begins

East Kingdom Gazette - Sat, 2016-04-30 12:37

The fighters and their consorts process in. Photo by Ygraine Kellswood.

With 23 fighters vying for the right of the Eastern Crown, the Tournament is beginning. The two lists are as follows:

Queen’s List

  •  Duke Randal of the Dark fighting for the honour of Duchess Katherine Stanhope.
  •  Sir Wilhelm von Ostenbrucke fighting for the honour of Mistress Vienna de la Mer.
  •  Sir Marcus Blackaert fighting for the honour of Baroness Astrid Sigrun Ulfkelsdottir.
  • Sir Ané du Vey fighting for the honour of Mistress Sylvia de Vey.
  • Lord William RavenHair fighting for the honour of Lady Ceara Inghean Eoin Mhic Lucais.
  • Baron Matthias Grunwald fighting for the honour of Baroness Æsa feilinn Jossursdottir.
  • Lord Ulfgeirr Ragnarsson the Nice fighting for the honour of Lady Lavina Attewode.
  •  Master Tiberius Iulius Rufus Primus fighting for the honour of Vopiscus Rufius Donatus.
  • Lord Gawyn O’Clery fighting for the honour of Maeve O’Clery.
  • Baron Fionn Mac Con Dhuibh fighting for the honour of Baroness Molly Schofield.
  • Peter de Bracebridge fighting for the honour of Lady Gaeira Aggadottir.

King’s List

  • Duke Brion Anthony Uriel Tarragon fighting for the honour of Duchess Anna Ophelia Holloway Tarragon.
  •  Jarl Valgard Stonecleaver fighting for the honour of Lady Gracia Vasquez de Trillo.
  •  Sir Rhys Ravenscroft fighting for the honour of Vicondesa Jimena Montoya.
  •  Master Æthelhawk Keyfinder fighting for the honour of Mistress Siubhan Wallace.
  •  Sir Ivan Ivanov syn Dimitriov vynuk Tzardikov fighting for the honour of Baroness Matilde de Cadenet.
  • Sir Simon Gwyn fighting for the honour of Lady Tullia Tranquilla.
  • Baron Sigurthr VigurHafn fighting for the honour of Baroness Medhbh inghean Cheallaigh.
  • Baron Duncan Kerr fighting for the honour of Mistress Eleanor fitzPatrick.
  • Lord Ryouko’jin of Iron-skies fighting for the honour of Lady Indrakshi Aravinda.
  • Baron Tiberius Nautius Maximus fighting for the honour of Maeve of Linne Tatha.
  • Lord Corwin Blackthorn fighting for the honour of Lady Solveig Bjornsdottr.
  • Renaud Mauclerc du Dragon Dormant fighting for the honour of Léana Doucet

Many thanks to Ygraine Kellswood for her reporting. Any errors made are the Gazette’s editing.

 


Filed under: Heavy List Tagged: Crown Tournament

Event Bid Deadlines from the Kingdom Seneschal

AEthelmearc Gazette - Fri, 2016-04-29 17:57

Greetings Potential Autocrats:

I wanted to take a moment to advise you of some upcoming deadlines for Kingdom Events.

  • June 1st is the deadline for Twelfth Night in Region 5.
  • June 1st is also the deadline for bids for Fall Coronation.  This is open to any region.
  • September 1st is the deadline for both Spring Crown in Region 1 and Spring Æcademy in Region 2.

If you have any questions, please contact me for further information.

Duke Chirstopher
Seneschal


Categories: SCA news sites

Instructions for Making Queen Ariella’s Favors

AEthelmearc Gazette - Fri, 2016-04-29 15:57

 

Queen Ariella’s favors were designed by Lady Maggie Rue. Mistress Arianna of Wynthrope is coordinating volunteer efforts to make them, and wrote these instructions. 

I am thrilled and amazed that so many people have volunteered to make favors for Queen Ariella! Thank you all.

These instructions are for making a hand-embroidered favor. However, you are free to machine embroider, silkscreen, paint, tool in leather, cast in pewter – we welcome all kinds of artisans’ contributions!

Kits with one strip of red fabric, enough floss in the appropriate colors, and these instructions will be available from THLady Elss of Augsburg, one of Her Majesty’s Chief retainers, at Blackstone Raid and Crown Tourney. Mistress Arianna will also have kits at Æthelmearc War Practice.

Here is the design, in color and as a line drawing. Note that the white object under the A is a winged heart, which is Queen Ariella’s badge.

Those who prefer counted thread embroidery can use the pattern shown here, designed by Lady Astrid vigaskegg. Just make sure to use red Aida or other even-weave fabric.

For free embroidering, any kind of lightweight natural fiber fabric in a nice bright red is suitable. Poly-cotton is fine. Make sure to machine wash and dry the fabric so it’s pre-shrunk, and to help prevent the fabric from bleeding as red has a tendency to do.

Cut the fabric into a strip suitable for a favor. I use strips that are 5″ wide by 14″ to 16″ long and hem all the way around the edges, but you can also make them double width, and after completing the embroidery, fold the fabric right sides together, sew a seam around the edges, turn and whipstitch the opening closed.

Transfer the design to the bottom of the fabric strip, leaving room for a hem all the way around. If the fabric is thin enough, you might be able to place the printed design underneath and see through the fabric to trace the design. Alternatively, you can use carbon paper, create a stencil, or just freehand it.

For the embroidery floss, you need white and an amber shade of yellow. I suggest DMC 728 for the gold color, but you can use any similar shades, or even metallic gold if you like.

Stitch the outline of the design in either a chain stitch or a stem stitch. An explanation of each is shown below (courtesy of THLady Jacqueline de Moliere). I use two strands of floss with the design about 2-1/2″ high. You might want to switch to a single strand and use either stem stitch or split stitch for the winged heart since it’s so small.

 

You can embellish the design if you like by filling in the capital A with satin stitch in yellow or adding a bead in the center of the half-escarbuncle or heart.

 

Once the embroidery is complete, hem the red fabric, then turn the top over to form a sleeve that allows the favor to be slid over a belt, making it less likely to fall off and be lost. The sleeve should be at least 2″ wide to accommodate larger belts.

Please direct any questions to Mistress Arianna.

Completed favors may be delivered to Her Majesty’s retainers. She would love to have some to give out at the SCA 50 Year Celebration in June, but most of them will be needed for Pennsic.

Thank you to all of the artisans contributing to this project!


Categories: SCA news sites

Eastern Results on the February 2016 LoAR

East Kingdom Gazette - Fri, 2016-04-29 02:11

The Society College of Heralds runs on monthly cycles and letters. Each month, the College processes name and armory submissions from all of the Kingdoms. Final decisions on submissions are made at the monthly meetings of the Pelican Queen of Arms (names) and the Wreath Queen of Arms (armory). Pelican and Wreath then write up their decisions in a Letter of Acceptances and Return (LoAR). After review and proofreading, LoARs generally are released two months after the meeting where the decisions are made.

 

An “acceptance” indicates that the item(s) listed are now registered with the Society. A “return” indicates that the item is returned to the submitter for additional work. Most items are registered without comments. Sometimes, the LoAR will address specific issues about the name or armory or will praise the submitter/herald on putting together a very nice historically accurate item.

The following results are from the February 2016 Wreath and Pelican meetings; these items were submitted to the East Kingdom at Pennsic 2015.

EAST acceptances

Áine ingen Fháeláin. Name change from Sadb ingen Fháeláin and device. Per fess embattled vert and argent, two wolves rampant counterchanged. The byname ingen Fháeláin is grandfathered to the submitter.

This name does not conflict with the registered name Eithne ingen Fháeláin. The initial syllable has been substantially changed in both sound and appearance, so this name is clear under PN3C2 of SENA.

The submitters previous name, Sadb ingen Fháeláin, is released.

Alexandra Jacobsdochter. Device. Gules, on an escallop argent a tulip gules.

Alexandra Jacobsdochter. Badge. (Fieldless) On an escallop argent a tulip gules.

Alton Hewes. Name (see RETURNS for device). Alton is the submitters legal middle name. It is also an attested English surname dated to 1508, so the submitter need not rely on the legal name allowance. Nice 16th century English name!

Anna Vitalis. Name and device. Per chevron argent and Or, two axes gules and a tree vert. The submitter requested authenticity for Italian – for any time in our period.This name is authentic for 16th century Italy, and is probably authentic for the 14th century as well. Please advise the submitter to draw the per chevron line higher so that it separates the field in two more equal portions.

Aodhan of Coldwood. Name and device. Argent, an anvil between three feathers bendwise sinister and two hammers in saltire, a bordure embattled sable. Coldwood is the registered name of an SCA branch.

Ástriðr Læknir. Device. Per pale wavy purpure and argent, a falcon belled and jessed and a rose slipped and leaved counterchanged.

Bernhardt Kröuwel. Name and device. Or, a chevron between a bear's head cabossed sable and a fleur-de- lys purpure. The submitter requested authenticity for a German name. Both elements are German and the given name was documented to the late 15th century. The byname, however, was documented to the 12th-13th century. Therefore the name is not authentic for a specific time, but it is registerable. The submitter may wish to know that an authentic 12th century form of this name is Bernhart

Kröuwel. Bernhart is found in Socin, citing the Rotulus Sanpetrinus. If the submitter prefers this form, he can submit a request for reconsideration.

 

Bjorn av Åttsidenfjord. Reblazon of device. Gyronny gules and sable, a bears head couped argent, a bordure argent crusily formy fitchy sable. Blazoned when registered in August 1984 as Gyronny gules and sable, a bears head couped within a bordure argent charged with eight crosses patty fitchy sable, we no longer use the term patty, as it is ambiguous.

 

Bótfríðr í eplagarði. Name and device. Or, a phoenix gules rising from flames azure and in canton a heart sable.

Bran Finn mac Aeda. Name. Nice 6th century Irish Gaelic name!

Caitríona bean mhic Cailín. Name.

Carolingia, Barony of. Guild name Carolingian Company of Calivers and badge. Azure, a pall wavy and in chief an eagle Or. The pattern of using Carolingian as part of the designator is grandfathered to the barony. A caliver is a type of musket or harquebus, and is a plausible heraldic charge. Please advise the submitter to draw visible feet on the eagle.

Chiba Touta Yoshitake. Name and device. Argent, three hexagons one and two within an octagon voided sable. There is a step from period practice for the use of hexagons.

Christoph of Marwick. Name. Marwick is the registered name of an SCA branch.

Clovia Drusa. Name (see RETURNS for device). Nice Roman name!

Conrad von Altmark. Reblazon of device. Per bend gules and sable, an eagle and on a chief Or three crosses formy sable.Blazoned when registered in July 1984 as Per bend gules and sable, an eagle displayed, wings inverted, and on a chief Or, three crosses patty sable, we no longer use the ambiguous term patty.

 

Daffydd ap Owen de Caledon. Badge. Or, a pall inverted purpure between two maunches addorsed gules and a Bowen knot azure.

East, Kingdom of the. Reblazon of badge for Cooks Guild. Sable, on a chalice argent a cross formy gules. Blazoned when registered in January 1974 as Sable, on a chalice argent a cross patty gules, we no longer use the ambiguous term patty.

 

East, Kingdom of the. Badge for Order of the Golden Lance of the East. Per fess azure and Or, a tilting lance fesswise and a tyger courant counterchanged.

Fearghus mac Cailín. Name.

Giuliana Malipiero. Name and device. Vert, a flamingo maintaining in its foot a sword Or, abase engrailed argent.

Hala bint Hasanah. Name and device. Erminois, an elephant statant purpure and in dexter a rose gules slipped and leaved vert.

 

Heinreich Wächter. Badge. Sable, two dunghill cocks rousant respectant and in chief a mullet of eight points argent.

 

Innes Barclay. Device change. Argent, three tortoises in pall tails to center vert. The submitters old device, Argent, three tortoises in pall tails to center vert within a bordure azure, is released.

 

Isabel del Okes. Name and device. Vert, two compass stars and an oak leaf Or. Both the given name and byname are found in England in 1379, making this an excellent 14th century English name! There is a step from period practice for the use of compass stars.

 

Katherine Morgan of Woolpit. Name and device. Vert, a lute bendwise sinister, a bordure argent.

Woolpit is a lingua Anglica form of the period English Uulfpet (c.1095) and Wulpet (1610).

Ketilríðr Brúnadóttir. Name change from Caitríona MacLeod of Kilchoan and device change. Argent, three domestic cats couchant vert. The submitters previous name, Caitríona MacLeod of Kilchoan, is released. The submitters old device, Per chevron vert semy of bees proper and argent, in base a wooden spoon proper, is released.

 

Kolfinna Johansdottir. Name and device. Gules, a pegasus segreant and on a chief Or three mullets azure.

 

Lucius Plotius Primus. Name and device. Or, in pale a lotus flower affronty purpure and a mountain issuant from base sable.

 

Mór Cille Caindigh. Name and device. Gules, a bend counterermine fimbriated between an owl and a wolf rampant argent.

 

Submitted as Mór of Kilkenny, the name was changed in kingdom to Mór Cill Caindigh because the submitter requested a wholly Gaelic locative byname instead of the Anglicized Irish of Kilkenny. The byname must be in the genitive (possessive) form. We have changed the byname to Cille Caindigh in order to register this name. We note that lenition of such bynames is inconsistent in the Irish Annals, so we have not lenited the byname.

 

Nathaniel Wyatt. Device. Per fess azure and Or, a fess indented lozengy Or and azure between two rapiers inverted in saltire Or and a griffon azure.

 

Pipa Blackwood. Device. Per pale Or and argent, a fox statant azure charged on the shoulder with a mullet of six points argent.

 

Raoul le Menestrel. Name. Nice late 13th century French name!

 

Skúli Ingvarsson. Name and device. Erminois, in pale a monkey gules riding a pig statant sable, a chief vert.

 

Thyephaine de Lyon. Name (see RETURNS for device).

 

EAST returns

 

Alton Hewes. Device. Per pale azure and sable, a cockatrice erect argent.

 

This lovely device is returned for conflict with the device of Genevieve de Lyonesse: Per saltire azure and sable, a cockatrice statant argent. There is a DC for the field, but no DC for posture between this cockatrice and Genevieves cockatrice.

 

Clovia Drusa. Device. Per bend sinister azure and purpure, a human breast distilling milk argent and a maiden statant affronty proper crined sable vested Or charged with and maintaining a nude infant fesswise proper.

In the defining registration of the human breast, it was ruled: A human breast is an allowed charge that has one clear difference (CD) from a roundel. It must have gouttes, and the gouttes must be visible. This means that they need some contrast with the breast but need not have good contrast. [Tetchubah of Greenlake, LoAR of Jan 2008] This submission does not meet those requirements as the gouttes are not visible: they have zero contrast with the breast, and the charge is now indistinguishable from a roundel argent. Additionally, the infant is effectively a tertiary charge on the woman and as such it has insufficient contrast against the Or dress.

 

Thyephaine de Lyon. Device. Argent chaussé checky purpure and argent, a dragonfly purpure. This device is returned for conflict with the badge of the College of Windreach: (Fieldless) A dragonfly purpure. There is only one DC for fieldless versus fielded design.


Filed under: Heraldry